Re-advertisement :CBDRM Review to Inform Strategy For Somalia
1. BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT
The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) is a private, independent, humanitarian organization working on all aspects of the refugee cause in more than 30 countries throughout the world. The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) and its sister organization DDG has been providing relief, humanitarian community safety, and early recovery/development services in the Horn of Africa since 1997. The aim of DRC is to protect refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) against persecution and to promote durable solutions to the problems of forced migration, on the basis of humanitarian principles and human rights. DRC works in accordance with the UN Conventions on Refugees and the Code of Conduct for the ICRC and NGOs in Disaster Relief.
The Somalia Resilience Program (SomReP) is a multi-year effort by seven leading NGOs (World Vision, Oxfam, DRC, COOPI, CARE, ADRA, and ACF) to tackle the challenge of recurrent droughts— and the chronic vulnerability that results—among pastoralists, agro pastoralists, and peri-urban households across Somalia. Designed to address communities’ unique needs toward building resilient livelihoods, the program builds on collective lessons learnt by consortium members.
As part of SomReP expected results and to support the resilience of chronically vulnerable people in Somalia, DRC with the help of SomReP TU planned to conduct CBDRM assessment in southwest regional state of Somalia, The objective is to develop a CBDRM strategy for South West State of Somalia that will provide a framework for strengthening resilience programming.
The purpose of the consultancy is to develop a CBDRM strategy for South West State of Somalia that will provide a framework for strengthening resilience programming in SOMREP areas.
The specific objective of this consultancy is to evaluate the current CBDRM methodologies, process and approaches, as implemented by SOMREP partners, in Somalia. In addition, the consultancy will analyze information about different types of DRR.
The Assessment shall look at but is not limited to understanding the following questions:
- What kinds of disasters experienced by the local communities?
- What kinds of physical and livelihood impact caused by the disasters have been experienced in the target locations?
- What are the existing local structures that permit the integration of risk reduction aspects with local planning structures? Are there any active or functional institutions supporting DRR and what role do they play?
- What are the process and approaches of CBDRR in southwest estate?
- What are the coping strategies and community contingency plans?
- Does the CMDRR process adequately address gender issues in the context of drought and livelihood vulnerabilities?
- What are the early warning and early action or monitoring & evaluation systems which are in place to measure the potentially for-reaching impacts of CBDRM in future?
- What factors that can contribute to successful CBDRM in the target locations?
- What are the recommendations for SomRep partners to implement CBDRM in Southwest regional state?
- How the implementation of CBDRM is be valued /perceived as a process for increasing resilience and reducing vulnerability?
- What are the disaster communication and information follows in Somalia?
3. KEY RESPONSIBILITIES
3.1. Scope of consultancy
The assessment will be conducted in Biadoa district especially SomRep target locations (EU). Specific locations will be selected from peri-urban and Agro pastoral communities (Accessibility to some of the locations to non-Somalis, may be dependent upon the security situation at the time of the field visit, and travel must be pre-approved by the DRC Safety Advisors. Applicants must explain how they plan to access the places in their expressions of interest.
3.2. Key tasks with list of ‘key activities’, under each responsibility.
Under the overall guidance of the FSL manager, DRC M&E manager and SomReP technical unit, the consultancy entails the following tasks:
- Review CBDRM process as is currently conceived & implemented for its effectiveness, appropriateness and relevance.
- Provide an analytical and technical inputs on quality of existing documents, strategies and plans, procedures, mechanisms and capacities of CBDRM.
- Analyze the relevance of the PDRA process (participation, inclusion, transparency of the information gathering process, dissemination and ownership) and its linkage to PDRA measures
- Coordination: institutional set up and coordination mechanism. This should include current existing mechanism at different levels of governance, recognition, effectiveness and efficiency of those institutions. Give precise recommendations on how these institutions can be capacitated to enable them perform their intended duties and responsibilities of coordination and implementation, early warning and early action, resource mobilization etc.
- Establish the effectiveness & efficiency of community and government institutions to monitor, communicate/disseminate and act on Early Warning Early Action approach as per their Contingency plans.
- Establish linkages between PDRA and PDRA measures. Examine how CBDRM links with crisis early warning monitoring, action and crisis management (prevention and alleviation activities, emergency preparedness and management and post disaster rehabilitation and reconstruction measures) and develop a regional strategic framework that will guide CBDRM work based on the findings, recommendations and context.
- Mapping of key stakeholders and other actors who have willingness to, can, have the capacity to be or should be involved in community based disaster risk management.
- Examine the relations between local community risk management schemes and poverty alleviation.
- To assess the common natural hazards across in the region with their impacts, Conduct risk perception index (identify and rank)
- Hazard and risky mapping with seasonal calendars for target locations.
- Assess and advise the existing gaps in terms of Capacity building (training or workshop) for communities and LA, which includes technical and non-technical aspect.
- In summary, the consultancy wish to fill the following gaps:
a) Accountability and community participation
b) Institutional mechanism, capacities and structures, allocation of responsibilities
2. Risk assessment
a) Hazard/risk data assessment
b) Vulnerability and capacity assessment
3. Disaster preparedness and response
a) Organizational capacity and coordination
b) Early warning systems
c) Preparedness and contingency planning
d) Emergency response and recovery
e) Emergency resources and infrastructure
f) Participation and accountability
The consultant will lead the development of the methodology for the qualitative and quantitative data collection and design of tools to conduct key informant interviews and focus group interviews with host communities for the disaster affected households.
The interviews shall include but is not limited to the following themes: Experiences with and perceptions of different types of disasters (impact to their livelihoods, coping mechanisms, CBDRM principals and approaches, community based early warning and early actions), contingency plans, coordination with stakeholders, disaster mitigation measures etc.
The consultant will be responsible for identifying and training field data collectors prior to the data collection and ensuring that they have the needed language & technical skills and access to the geographical areas. The research consultant may consult with DRC regarding the selection of data collectors if needed.
The research consultant will supervise and support the field research teams and participate in some of the interviews while the field data collectors can conduct other interviews independently. The research consultant is responsible for ensuring the quality of the data collected.
As a minimum the following number of interviews should be conducted:
- A total of 100 in-depth qualitative key informant interviews with pastoralist, Agro pastoral and per- urban communities (app. 10 KII per location)
- A total of 20 qualitative interviews with IDPs (a minimum of 2 interview per location)
- A total of 20 Focus Group discussions with Host Community (app. 2 FGs per location)
3.4. Key deliverables/outputs
- Inception Report– The inception report will be a scoping exercise for the assessment and will include the proposed methodologies, data collection and reporting plans with draft data collection tools such as interview guides, the allocation of roles and responsibilities within the team, a timeframe with firm dates for deliverables, and the travel and logistical arrangements for the team. This is expected a maximum of four days after signing of the contract.
- Debriefing meetings / Feedback to Area Managers at field levels – The consultant will report his/her preliminary findings to the DRC’s Program Coordinators and DRC Monitoring and Evaluations Officer before leaving the field.
- Draft Report – A full draft report in line with agreed format/outline, identifying key findings, conclusions, recommendations for the current and future operation, and take in consideration the outputs of the debriefing session will be shared with DRC 7 days following completion of data collection for review to get initial feedback.
- Final report – The final report (max 40 pages, excluding the preliminary pages and annexes) should be submitted after incorporating all comments and in line with TOR, This will contain a short executive summary (max 3 pages) and a main body of the report covering, background to the areas being assessed, a description of the assessment methods and limitations, detailed findings and their analysis following questions raised in TOR. Emphasis should be to bring out issues that either enhance or undermine beneficiaries’ adaptive, absorptive and transformative capacities to cope with shocks from drought and other disasters. The report should contain a detailed CBDRM strategy for South West State of Somalia and contingency plans for SomRep target locations in Baidoa district. Recommendations should be specific, feasible, and in line with DRC’s strategic mandate.
The report should also contain appropriate appendices, including a copy of the ToR, cited resources or bibliography, a list of those interviewed and any other relevant materials. The final assessment report will be submitted one week after receipt of the consolidated feedback from DRC. The report should be Five (5) Hard-cover-bound copies and soft copy in two (4) CD- ROMs in pdf version.
4. DRC/DDG’S RESPONSIBILITIES
The consultant will report to the DRC Food Security and Livelihoods Manager and closely coordinate field activities with program coordinator & SomRep Technical Advisors. The M&E Manager will provide support on a case to case basis. DRC staff in the evaluation areas will provide necessary support to the team, as may be needed. The Consultant shall provide updates on progress as requested.
DRC will provide the following to the lead consultant:
- Transport to and from the field (as part of the overall contract)
- All necessary project documents as requested by the consultant
- Travel Insurance, where applicable(The cost must be reflected in his/her budget)
- Accommodation, including meals, for consultant (and will be deducted from Budget)
- Pay consultancy fees at a mutually agreed rate
The terms and conditions of service will follow DRC terms of consultancies. Payment will be done according to the finance procedures of DRC/DDG.
5. REPORTING ARRANGEMENTS
The consultant will report to the DRC Food Security and Livelihoods Manager and closely coordinate field activities with program coordinator & SomRep Technical Advisors. The M&E Manager will provide support on a case to case basis.
6. DURATION OF ASSIGNMENT
It is anticipated that the assessment will take 20 days from the date of signing the Contract, The Consultant/Consultancy firm should develop a feasible costed work plan/activity schedule covering an approximately 20 days and submit as integral part of the proposal for this consultancy.
7. EXPECTED PROFILE OF CONSULTANT
- Advanced university degree in disaster risk management, development studies, social sciences, economics, environmental management studies or other related fields.
- A minimum of 5 years of progressively responsible experience in disaster preparedness, prevention and risk reduction.
- Ability to analyze complex livelihood systems.
- Good knowledge and experience in survey design, implementation of surveys and statistical data analysis.
- Previous experience doing similar assignment with DRC is also an added advantage.
- Demonstrable experience in leading evaluations using Participatory Impact Assessment (PIA) approaches
- Strong analytical skills and ability to clearly synthesize and present findings, draw practical conclusions, make recommendations and to prepare well-written reports in a timely manner;
- Demonstrated experience in both quantitative and qualitative data collection and data analysis techniques, especially in Disaster risk reduction and management;
- Experience, knowledge and clear understanding of Somalia’s humanitarian context; culture and the Somali political dynamics.
8. TERMS & CONDITIONS
The consultant should be willing to work in the target areas of southwest regional state of Somalia, where security allows. The consultant may have his/her own team to work with and then they will entirely be under the jurisdiction of the consultant and at no time will DRC/DDG be held responsible for them.
Commitments: DRC/DDG has a Humanitarian Accountability Framework, outlining its global accountability committments. All staff are required to contribute to the achievement of this framework (http://www.DRC/DDG.dk/HAF.4265.0.html)
DRC has a Humanitarian Accountability Framework, outlining its global accountability commitments. All staff are required to contribute to the achievement of this framework (http://www.drc.dk/HAF.4265.0.html).
11. APPLICATION PROCESS
Interested applicants who meet the required profile are invited to submit an Expression of Interest (EoI) in English to DRC online via www.drc.dk under vacancies.
. The EoI should include:
- A suitability statement including CV of participating consultants with details of qualifications and experience.
- Technical proposal that summarizes understanding of the TOR, methodology and tools to be used.
- Work-plan clearly indicating the activity schedule.
- Financial proposal providing cost estimates and consultancy fees.
- Contacts of three organizations that have recently contracted you to carry out similar assignment.
- The foreseen work plan for the days. Daily consulting rate is negotiable, although will be commensurate to DRC consultancy terms and standards.
The deadline for applications is 20th July 2017.
- Organization: DRC - Danish Refugee Council
- Location: Baidoa
- Grade: Level not specified
- Closing Date: 2017-08-06