Data Strategy Consultant (National)
If you are a committed, creative professional and are passionate about making a lasting difference for children, the world's leading children's rights organization would like to hear from you.
For 70 years, UNICEF has been working on the ground in 190 countries and territories to promote children's survival, protection and development. The world's largest provider of vaccines for developing countries, UNICEF supports child health and nutrition, good water and sanitation, quality basic education for all boys and girls, and the protection of children from violence, exploitation, and AIDS. UNICEF is funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments.
TITLE OF CONSULTANCY: Data Strategy Consultant (National)
DUTY STATION: Home Based.
DURATION OF CONSULTANCY: 3 months (October – December)
CLOSING DATE: 29 August 2017
UNICEF is currently working in 16 states of India, strengthening child protection systems and implementing programmes to prevent child marriage and child labour. Prevention of violence against children is increasingly becoming a major programming area.
Currently the child protection sector in India lacks robust, regular, comparable, quality data, although adequate information exists about the prevalence of some major child protection deprivations. In this context, four key issues have been identified: child marriage, child labour, children in need of care and protection (victims of crime or without adequate family care requiring the intervention of child protection statutory bodies) and violence against children (various forms of abuse occurring in various setting such as school, family, residential institutions and online, among others). The programme gives special attention to the protection needs of children in humanitarian situations such armed conflict, civil strife, migration and natural disasters.
a. Child marriage
In India, one in every four women (26.8 per cent) aged 20-24 years was married before the legal age of 18 years ( NFHS 2015-2016). Every year, at least 2.2 million girls are married before turning 18. Approximately, 7.9 per cent of women age 15-19 have started childbearing. Adolescents in rural areas are more likely to begin childbearing in their teens compared to their urban counterparts, which increases their susceptibility to serious health risks. Women in the poorest quintile are four times more likely to marry early than women in the highest quintile of the population (RSOC 2013-14). Research has demonstrated that persisting negative social norms and practices that perpetuate the idea that girls and women are inferior along with poverty are key drivers of the high prevalence of child marriage in India. Concerns with puberty, chastity, family honour along with economic factors and lack of education opportunities are additional contributing factors. The states with the highest prevalence of child marriage, above 40 per cent of women aged 20-24 married before the age of 18, are Bihar, West Bengal and Rajasthan. States with a prevalence of 30-40 per cent include Assam, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. (Center for Budget and Policy Studies/ UNICEF, 2016). While learning labs states such as Gujarat, Maharashtra, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana have a child marriage prevalence below 20 per cent, they do have pockets of disparity concentrated in tribal communities and amongst particular castes including those from scheduled castes
b. Child Labour
Nationally, nearly one in every eight (12 per cent) children, aged between 5-14 years work either for their own household or for somebody else. Rural children aged 5-14 (13 per cent) are more likely to be engaged in work than their urban counterparts (9 per cent). The percentage of children engaged in work activities decreases steadily with increasing wealth quintile, 14 percent of children in the lowest quintile are engaged in work while it is less than half for children in the highest quintile (6 per cent). (NFHS 2005-06). The Census of 2011, using a definition of child labour (5-14) excluding family work, revealed that India has 10.1 million child workers.
c. Children in need of care and protection
Annual reports by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) on the incidence of crimes against children, as defined by the Penal Code, provide valuable, though incomplete information and the use of absolute numbers should be used with caution - given the large population of the country. Under-reporting and misreporting are the main structural gaps. For example, secondary analysis of data demonstrates that approximately 2.2 million girls below 18 are married every year (see above), the NCRB data recorded only 293 child marriage cases in 2015, despite the fact this constitutes a criminal offence.
In 2015, a total of 94,172 cases of crimes against children were registered compared to 89,423 cases (including 1,758 child homicides) during 2014, showing an increase of 5.3 per cent. In 2015, all India crime rate, which is the number of cases reported under crimes against children per 100,000 population of children (below 18 years of age), was recorded as 21. A total of 10,854 cases of rape of children were registered in the country during 2015, in comparison to 13,766 cases in 2014, a decrease of 21.1 per cent.
The number of cases registered against children in conflict with the law in 2015 was 40,648 (penal offences and crimes under special local laws) and with a ratio of girls to boys of 1 to 45.
The protection needs of children in a context of natural disasters and armed conflict require special attention as strong evidence suggest they exacerbate vulnerability to child trafficking, child marriage and various forms of exploitation.
d. Violence against children
In India, there is no comprehensive, reliable, recent data on the prevalence of the forms of violence described above. Thirty-four per cent of all women aged 15-49 have experienced violence at some time since the age of 15. Differentials in prevalence of violence by women’s education are substantial. Forty-four per cent of women with no education have experienced violence at some point since the age of 15. Prevalence of violence is also much higher among women belonging to the scheduled castes (42 per cent) and tribes (40 per cent) than among women who do not belong to these categories (27 per cent). Differentials across wealth quintiles are also significant, the prevalence of the experience of physical violence since the age of 15 declines sharply and steadily with increasing wealth status from 45 per cent for women in the lowest wealth quintile to 19 per cent for women in the highest wealth quintile (NFHS 2005-06).
PURPOSE OF THE ASSIGNMENT
Under the overall supervision of the Chief, Child Protection, the Consultant will develop UNICEF strategy to support the Government of India and other partners with regard to the demand, supply and use of child protection data.
These are the four areas covered by this assignment:
- Current data and indicators that are available
- Missing data and indicators
- UNICEF contribution to collect data (including data that are currently not being collected)
- Strengthening national capacity to collate, analyse and disseminate data
These are the main questions guiding this exercise:
- What can be done to maximize the availability, dissemination and analysis of existing national data sources? A literature review of existing research can be explored to understand data sources used by researchers and how these have been analysed.
- What key data related to child protection which are missing (e.g. violent discipline; child online behaviours etc.) and from what kind of sources they can be derived?
- What can UNICEF do to strategically influence national surveys to systematically integrate child protection modules and ensure the most comprehensive and robust data method are in place?
- How can UNICEF influence administrative data collection and dissemination/presentation to enhance the availability of evidence on child protection issues?
- How can data be effectively used to influence government action and design of programme interventions?
- What type of data products would be the most effective for engaging with a large public of non-specialists?
- How can UNICEF enhance national capacity to analyse and present data related to child protection?
- How can we better collect data on key child protection issues and would be alternative sources?
The overall approach of the assignment will be in line with UNICEF Data for Children Strategic Framework which aims at articulating demand, supply and use of data as a way to achieve better results for children. The demand for data should take into account the various needs of stakeholders (e.g. data makers or data users) from their unique role and be part of a system strengthening approach. The supply of data includes the support to the technical systems needed to manage data as well as strengthening the skills that government staff needed to collect, process and analyse those data. Finally, the type of data that government and others should invest in collecting and analysing must be informed by the intended users.
Critical analysis of relevant national surveys and on the child protection data derived from them, with focus on methodology, definitions, data comparability, and trends. The analysis will be based on the review the following data sources: Census 2011; Annual Health Survey; National Family Health Survey; District Level Household Survey; Annual Status of Education Survey; Rapid Survey of Children. The consultant will look at reliability, indicators and sampling used without getting into detailed analysis of data sets.
National Crime Bureau Data
Crime in India is a yearly publication of the National Crimes Records Bureau (NCRB) Ministry of Home Affairs since 1953. This report uses a classification of crimes derived from the Indian Penal Code, and includes 15 types of crime against children as defined by the Indian Penal Code and 6 other crimes defined by special and local laws. NCRB provides annual figures on incidence and prevalence of crime against children.
Routine administrative data
- Government reports on children in residential care (Ministry of Women and Child Development; State Department of Women and Child Development) and children in Boarding Schools (Ministry of Education; Ministry of Tribal Affairs)
- Childline yearly reports on care and protection calls across the country.
- Statutory bodies data on children in conflict with the law (Juvenile Justice Boards, High Courts Committees etc.).
Data in connection with policy formulation and monitoring
The strategy will assess whether administrative data systems are able to cater to the needs of the government for the formulation of policy and for monitoring the effectiveness of national schemes and/or action plans. Special attention will be given to missing quality data on child protection
Javier Aguilar, Chief of Child Protection
Critical review of the national surveys child protection indicators and national crime (Desk Review)
This will include use of existing data for further analysis and strategies to incorporate news indicators in the existing surveys, census and data systems in India.
Meeting of stakeholders; in-house discussion; consultations
Drafting of strategy and annexes – A first and final draft to be prepared (See Section on End Products below)
A strategy paper (25 pages) addressing the questions above ( Please refer to the section -Purpose) and suggesting concrete action to UNICEF, including:
- Executive summary.
- Critical review, including challenges and gaps in structure and collection methodology of exiting data sources. The review to cover both survey / census and MIS of different schemes and programmes at national / state level;
- Mapping of key indicators and identify the missing ones;
- Proposed actions to improve data collection, validation and analysis of existing datasets.
- Proposed strategies, actions (short term & mid-term) to identify possible sources and tools to collect missing data.
- Suggested action for enhance the skills of national partners to analyse and present data.
- Concrete recommendations to improve the presentation and use of data for a diverse audience (policy makers; influencer; general public, media), including data products.
Annexes (Documents to be developed by the consultant)
- Generic ToR for secondary analysis of existing data sources
- Generic ToR for the presentation of data
- List of core child protection indicators using prioritization and relevance.
- Template secondary analysis report
OFFICIAL TRAVEL INVOLVED: Travel to New Delhi is required for 10 days for consultations with stakeholders and internal discussions.
- Payment is linked to receipt and satisfactory acceptance of deliverables.
- Travel expenses will be reimbursed at actuals based on receipt of invoices/reports.
- Per Diem will be reimbursed at UNICEF consultant rates.
QUALIFICATION, SPECIALIZED KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERIENCE REQUIRED
Advanced university degree in Demography, Statistics or any other related technical field is required.
Skills and Experience:
- A minimum of 5 years of professional experience in the area of monitoring and evaluation, social statistics, population studies, or related field. .
- Experience in designing/supervising of surveys, information management systems is required.
- Relevant experience in child protection and related areas, program/project development and management in a UN system agency or organization is an asset.
- Experience in both development and humanitarian contexts is an added advantage.
- Excellent oral and written communication skills in English.
- Report writing and documentation skills.
Note: the consultant will be assisted by one mid-level expert (engaged separately by UNICEF) who will provide available data and conduct specific research upon request
Please submit your application through the online portal by COB 29 August 2017.
HOW TO APPLY: Your online application should contain FOUR separate attachments:
- A Cover letter explaining the motivation for applying and also explaining how the qualifications and skill-set of the candidate are suitable for this position (to be uploaded online under cover letter)
Curriculum Vitae (CV) (to be uploaded online under CV/resume)
iii. Work samples (3) - 3 Samples of previous work relevant to this assignment is to be uploaded online under other documents (Alternatively if any file is more than 10MB, attach a word document in which you can mention links to 3 relevant work samples or you can share your actual work samples at email@example.com)
Please Note: Attaching/providing work samples is mandatory as these would also be evaluated and scored as part of the overall technical evaluation criteria.
A financial proposal indicating deliverable-based professional fee as per template attached below. Please do not forget to specify your name in the file while saving. (to be uploaded under financial proposal template).
Please Note: Without the financial proposal template your application will be considered incomplete and will not be evaluated.
The selection will be on the basis of technical evaluation & financial offer in the ratio of 80:20. The criteria for technical evaluation will be as follows:
- Cover letter - Min 4/Max 5
- Educational Qualifications - Min 8/Max 10
- Relevant work experience including work samples - Min 20/Max 25
Candidates who score 32 marks and above in criteria 1-3 above and also score the minimum score against each of the above sub-criteria will be short listed for an interview
- Interview - Min 32/Max 40
Total points to qualify in overall technical evaluation Min 64/Max 80
Total technical score – 80. Minimum overall qualifying score is 64. Only those candidates who meet the overall qualifying marks of 64 as well as score the minimum cut-off in each of the above sub-criteria including the interview will be considered technically responsive and their financials will be opened.
- Any attempt to unduly influence UNICEF’s selection process will lead to automatic disqualification of the applicant.
- Joint applications of two or more individuals are not accepted.
- Please note, UNICEF does not charge any fee during any stage of the process.
For any clarifications, please contact:
Supply & Procurement Section
73, Lodi Estate, New Delhi 110003
UNICEF is committed to diversity and inclusion within its workforce, and encourages qualified female and male candidates from all national, religious and ethnic backgrounds, including persons living with disabilities, to apply to become a part of our organisation.
- Organization: UNICEF - United Nations Children’s Fund
- Grade: International Consultant
- Closing Date: 2017-08-29