Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)
Budgets determine how governments mobilize and allocate public resources. In the formulation and implementation of government budgets, gender-responsive budgeting (GRB) seeks to create a direct linkage between social and economic policies through the application of a gender analysis. Gender-responsive budget analysis refers to the analysis of actual government expenditure and revenue on women and girls as compared to men and boys. Hence, GRB aims at mainstreaming gender into public budgets by considering how financial resources are allocated with respect to gender.
Ethiopian Government considering the importance of resource allocation for GEWE, issued a Gender Responsive Budgeting Guideline in 2012 with leadership of Ministry of Finance and Economic Cooperation and support from UN Women and EU. The Government has also established Women and Children Standing Committee that is member of Parliament and mandated to ensure that Sectoral Budgets mainstream gender and children issues. The GoE recognize the importance of Gender Equality in the Growth and Transformation Plan II (GTP II) that has clear indicators promoting GEWE in most of the sectors.
In 2017 as part of the National Planning thematic area, UN Women Ethiopia has developed a four years’ programme called “Transformative Financing for Gender Equality in Ethiopia”. The programme aims to enable the GoE in establishing a gender-responsive planning and budgeting system to ensure that all resources are allocated considering gender equality and women empowerment commitments. One of the area of intervention focuses on creating political consensus within the GoE on the need to systematically address financing gaps for GEWE by identifying financial gaps and advocating for increased resource allocation for the identified gaps. UN Women Ethiopia will support GoE in developing a budget tracking system and undertaking budget tracking exercise from a gender perspective to understand and analyse financing gaps in sectoral budget allocation.
According to the GTP II, agriculture will remain the main driver of a rapid and inclusive economic growth and development required to reach the country’s economic development target. It is also expected to be the main source of growth for the modern productive sectors. The GTP II also stated that particularly smallholder agriculture will remain the single most important source of economic growth. Regarding women’s engagement in agriculture, the GTP II also stated that by 2020, women’s participation will increase from 27 percent to 50 percent by engaging 10.1 million women in agricultural and 1.5 million women in non- agricultural activities. About 5.8 million women will be able to have access and use relevant technology.
Regarding Micro and Small Enterprises, it is also stated in GTP II that the rapid economic growth primarily driven by agriculture, it will be supported by industrial and service sectors which is expected to generate employment opportunities and enhance sectorial integration and linkages. To this effect, large number of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises are expected to be established. It is also specifically stated in Pillar 8 of GTP II that the Government has planned to increase women’s participation in the micro and small scale enterprises from 41.47 percent in 2014/15 to 50 percent by 2019/20.
Considering the engagement of majority of the population in agriculture, there is an urgent need for institutionalizing GRB in the sector to ensure that women and men participate and benefit, equitably as planned in GTP II, contributing to the economic growth of the country. Hence after developing the budget tracking tool, agriculture sector is selected for conducting the budget tracking exercise.
In this context, UN Women Ethiopia is planning to hire an international Consultant who will develop a budget tracking tool. The tool is expected to be used to document financial gaps in the allocations made by the Government of Ethiopia for policies and programmes in the different sectors from a gender perspective.
Hence, the budget tracking tool will be used to track budget allocation in the agriculture sector from a gender perspective during the first two years of GTP II in consultation with Ministry of Finance and Economic Cooperation (MOFEC), Ministry of Women and Children Affairs (MoWCA), Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources (MoANR) and other relevant stakeholders.
Duties and Responsibilities
The consultants will accomplish the following tasks in developing the Budget Tracking tool:
- Submit to UN Women Ethiopia an inception report outlining detailed work plan, including methodology of budget tracking and steps to be followed towards meeting the objectives including a time-frame that will guide the monitoring part.
- Review the GTP II and identify indicators that will be tracked for resource allocation to ensure GEWE in the sector.
- Present to UN Women, through a workshop, the inception report including the identified set of indicators for budget tracking.
- Revise the inception report incorporating the inputs and comments of participants of the workshop.
- Develop primary and secondary data collection tools and collect the data accordingly.
- Develop the draft budget tracking tool and submit to UN Women for review by the task force.
- Revise the draft budget tracking tool after getting comments from the task force
- Test the budget tracking tool on budget allocation of one key programme of Agriculture Sector at Federal level and revise the tool if needed
- Present the budget tracking tool during a validation workshop for review by key stakeholders in Agriculture Sector (including members of the National Network of Gender Equality in Agriculture)
- Finalize the budget tracking tool using the inputs and comment provided at the validation workshop.
- Submit the final budget tracking tool in hard and soft copy.
Core Values/Guiding PrinciplesIntegrity:
- Demonstrate consistency in upholding and promoting the values of UN Women in actions and decisions, in line with the UN Code of Conduct.
- Demonstrate professional competence and expert knowledge of the pertinent substantive areas of work.
Cultural sensitivity and valuing diversity:
- Demonstrate an appreciation of the multicultural nature of the organization and the diversity of its staff. Demonstrate an international outlook, appreciating difference in values and learning from cultural diversity.
Ethics and Values:
- Demonstrate and safeguard ethics and integrity.
- Demonstrate corporate knowledge and sound judgment.
Development and Innovation:
- Take charge of self-development and take initiative.
Work in teams:
- Demonstrate ability to work in a multicultural, multi ethnic environment and to maintain effective working relations with people of different national and cultural backgrounds.
Communicating and Information Sharing:
- Facilitate and encourage open communication and strive for effective communication.
Self-management and Emotional Intelligence:
- Stay composed and positive even in difficult moments, handle tense situations with diplomacy and tact, and have a consistent behavior towards others.
- Surface conflicts and address them proactively acknowledging different feelings and views and directing energy towards a mutually acceptable solution.
Continuous Learning and Knowledge Sharing:
- Encourage learning and sharing of knowledge.
Appropriate and Transparent Decision Making:
- Demonstrate informed and transparent decision making.
- Strong interpersonal, teamwork and communication skills
- Ability to be creative and work independently and proactively
- Ability to develop new system and provide policy advise
- Demonstrates good oral and written communication skills;
- Capacity to plan and deliver on the assignment timely and with excellent quality
- focuses on impact and result of the assignment and responds positively to feedback
- Capacity to engage with various stakeholders, including government institutions, development partners and UN/multilateral/bilateral institutions
- Focuses on impact and result and responds positively to feedback
- Ability to research and analyze the context and develop practical budget tracking tool
Required Skills and Experience
Masters Degree or PHD in Economics or in any social science, preferably in gender and Economics.
- At least 10 years of professional experience on economics and gender at regional and/or country level with a focus on GRB and specifically in tracking of resource allocation for GEWE in Agriculture sector and other economic sectors
- Proven record (of at least five years) and expertise in development of country specific GRB tools, development of training materials and facilitation of trainings and development of policy briefs;
- Extensive experience in facilitating the development of strategies and action plans on GRB by relevant stakeholders;
Language Requirements: English, Amharic desirable