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Indonesia: Peatland Social Mapping Specialist Consultant


Indonesia: Peatland Social Mapping Specialist Consultant

The aim is to develop an overview, or ‘social map,’ of how natural resources are used and regulated along with the opportunities and constraints for their development in the area known as the Utar Serapat peat hydrological unit. This information will help inform the design of an innovative landscape management program based on peat restoration and investment in environmentally and socially sustainable enterprises.

Contract Type
Individual Consultant (Deliverable)
Individual Consultant G
Salary scale
Individual Consultant Scale
Contract Duration
October 2017 - March 2018 (part-time, 60 work days)
Date to close
Ref No



Indonesia (Output 3.3): Social Mapping and   Rapid Assessment of Access to Peatland Resources in Central and South   Kalimantan



Advisory Support - level G


Duty Station

Jakarta and Palangka Raya, Indonesia

Contract Length

Start Date

October 2017

End Date

March 2018



Contract Value

Daily Rate

Deliverable based contract

Days Estimated

60 days estimated

Total Fees

$36,000 - $42,000 (dependent on qualification)

Specifics of Recruitment

1.        Introduction and Background to the Assignment

The Global Green Growth Institute requires the services of   an experienced social scientist (‘the Consultant’) to examine the cultural,   institutional, and economic roles and relationships that affect access to land,   water, and other natural resources in a peatland landscape. The area, known   as the Utar Serapat peat hydrological unit, lies on both sides of the   provincial border between Central and South Kalimantan. The assessment will   draw primarily on interviews with knowledgeable informants and on participant   observation of farmers, fishers, and forest product collectors supported by   available documentary evidence. The aim is to develop an overview, or ‘social   map,’ of how natural resources are used and regulated along with the   opportunities and constraints for their development. This information will   help inform the design of an innovative landscape management program based on   peat restoration and investment in environmentally and socially sustainable   enterprises. 

The work will be done in two phases. In the first phase,   the Consultant will review the available published and unpublished literature   and conduct a reconnaissance visit to gather information from villages and   other locations in the area. 

In the second phase, GGGI will also engage a small   assessment team, working under GGGI’s direction, to collect secondary data   and assist the Consultant with additional village interviews and field   observations. The Consultant will provide guidance and advice to this assessment   team and help to ensure the quality of the data they collect and of their   reporting. He or she will draw upon the data collected by the assessment team   to develop an in-depth assessment and analysis.

1.1.    GGGI’s Mission and Approach

Based in Seoul, The Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)   is an intergovernmental organization founded to support and promote a model   of economic growth known as "green growth", which targets key   aspects of economic performance, such a poverty reduction, job creation,   social inclusion, and environmental sustainability. GGGI works with countries   around the world, building their capacity and working collaboratively on   green growth policies, that can impact the lives of millions. The   organization partners with countries, multilateral institutions, government   bodies, and private sector to help build economies that grow strongly and are   more efficient and sustainable in the use of natural resources, less carbon   intensive, and more resilient to climate change.

GGGI has a diverse portfolio of programs in developing   countries around the world. These in-country programs, together with global   products and services, focus on delivering results through an integrated   approach of evidence-based green growth planning and implementation aligned   to countries’ development priorities. The organization also focuses on   knowledge development and management activities which build a strong   theoretical and empirical basis for green growth, while providing concrete   options and guidance for policymakers; as well as building the conditions for   public and private green infrastructure investments.


In Indonesia, GGGI   works with the Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS), the   Ministry of Environment and Forestry, the Coordinating Ministry of Economic   Affairs, the Ministry of Energy   and Mineral Resources, the Ministry of Finance, and   the provinces of East and Central Kalimantan to mainstream green growth into   development and economic planning and to help design, finance, and   demonstrate bankable green growth   projects.


GGGI’s principal partner in Central Kalimantan is the Regional   Development Planning Agency (BAPPEDA). In the forest and land-based sectors, key partners also   include the Peat Restoration   Agency (BRG or Badan Restorasi Gambut)   and the provincial Forestry Agency (Dinas   Kehutanan).

1.2.  Objectives   of the Proposed Peatland Restoration Project

GGGI is supporting BRG and other partners to develop an integrated landscape model for peatland restoration and   enterprise development in the   peat hydrological unit called   Sungai Utar–Sungai Serapat, or KHG Utar Serapat, an   area of roughly 100,000 ha on either side of the provincial boundary between   Central and South Kalimantan. The model is based on the restoration of degraded and fire-prone   deep peat within a core zone, surrounded   and supported by a substantial   buffer zoning system in which local communities and enterprises undertake complementary land use activities to   generate income and support livelihoods. This initiative is under the coordination of the BRG, a   non-structural institution directly under and responsible to the President of   the Republic of Indonesia. This agency was established in 6 January 2016   based on Presidential Regulation No. 1/2016.


The Indonesian   government can issue licenses for restoring ecosystems, notably on peatlands,   and potentially for selling carbon credits. Examples of this include the   Katingan Peatland Restoration and Conservation Project, managed by PT. Rimba   Makmur Utama (RMU). More recently, PT. Alam Sukses Lestari (PT. ASL) has obtained a concession in KHG Utar Serapat for peatland restoration and   conservation, and PT. Hutan Amanah Lestari (PT. HAL) has obtained   neighboring concession for carbon sequestration. Recognizing that the regulatory frameworks for carbon credit   transactions in Indonesia are still at a formative stage, it is anticipated   that the cost of protecting and   restoring core areas of deep peat may need to be met through donor-based climate funds other public   investment. This is justified by the substantial public good benefit of reducing peat   fires, haze, and GHG emissions.


A substantial   buffer of stable, sustainable, land-based economic activities   is required to secure the core zone of peat restoration and protection. These activities must be compatible   with peat restoration, or re-wetting, and serve to direct intensive land-use   away from the core zone. The   buffer area, consisting of shallow peat and mineral soils, can provide for community-based forestry,   agroforestry and other enterprises   that generate income and livelihood security for farmers and a   reasonable return on commercial investment. These enterprises may include timber plantations, agroforestry, paludiculture   (farming under wet conditions in peat or marshland), and aquaculture (fish ponds). New approaches and   innovation–in policy, technology or financing–may be required to establish   and support these local enterprises.


GGGI is coordinating this work with other organizations through a working   group, coordinated by BRG, which was formed following the Expert Workshop on Public – Private   Investment Opportunities for Peatland Restoration in Kalimantan on June 13,   2017. This group consists of GGGI, UN Environment Programme (UNEP), Japan   International Cooperation Agency (JICA), PT. Hutan Amanah Lestari, PT. Alam   Sukses Lestari, PT. Cakung Permata Nusa, and PT. Adaro Energy.

1.3.    Location and Setting of the Proposed Peatland   Restoration Project

Utar Serapat is   one of 865 peat   hydrological units (KHG), or landscapes,   identified by BRG throughout   Indonesia. A KHG comprises a peat dome and surrounding areas into   which water flows off the peat. BRG recognizes that a KHG must be managed as   a single unit in order to maintain its hydrological integrity. The peat in the   Utar Serapat area is highly   degraded, having been drained by canals and repeatedly burned since the   1990s. Restoration of the deep peat areas through canal-blocking to re-wet   the peat is urgently needed to reduce fire risk and further subsidence (sinking)   of the peat. Peatland rewetting will also reduce GHG emissions from peat   oxidation and will enable long-term sustainable agricultural or agroforestry   productivity through paludiculture.


The Utar Serapat peatland landscape is located on the   border of Central and South Kalimantan provinces. It is named for the two main rivers (Sungai Utar and Sungai Serapat) that originate in the deep peat and flow into the Barito. There are 53 villages in and around KHG Utar   Serapat, which are spread over four districts: Barito Timur and Barito   Selatan in Central Kalimantan and Tabalong and Hulu Sungai Utara in South   Kalimantan. Based on the sub-district data from BPS in 2016, the total population of   villages in and around the KHG Utar Serapat is about 64,887 people, living in   14,922 households. Most of them live in South Kalimantan, particularly in   Hulu Sungai Utara sub-district.


There are four companies   with active concessions or   operational areas within the KHG.   These include the 19,520 ha ecosystem restoration concession, PT. ASL, and the 25,800 carbon   sequestration concession, PT. HAL (a subsidiary of the Kalla   Group), mentioned   previously. These two   concessions overlap with Protection Forest Management Unit IX and Production   Forest Management Unit XIV in Central Kalimantan. PT. Cakung Permata Nusa (a subsidiary of the Astra Group) operates a 5,556 ha palm oil   plantation in South Kalimantan. PT. Adaro Energy Tbk. operates a coal-hauling road which crosses the northern part of the landscape, including some heavy equipment   maintenance and port facilities. This road, which is estimated to be more   than 15 years old, connects the mining site in Tabalong and Balangan with the   loading port in Barito River. There is evidence that this has altered   the water flow and related peat   characteristics on either side of the road. 

Despite this complexity   of use and ownership, the KHG   should be managed in a unified and integrated manner, with the participation of by all actors involved in the landscape, in order to reduce the negative impact   to environmental and to ensure economic benefits and sustainability. 

2.  Purpose of the Assignment

The objectives of this   assignment are the following:

  •   To gain an understanding of peatland-based and nearby livelihoods and resource use as well   as of the prevailing social and economic conditions, their history, trends,   and economic opportunities for the purpose of designing a   landscape-oriented business model   for peatland restoration in KHG Utar Serapat;
  •   To identify and analyze the roles of key local actors and institutions, including customary institutions, to be engaged in developing the peatland   restoration business model;
  •   To guide the collection and analysis of socio-economic data for further use in designing and developing the KHG Utar Serapat peatland landscape project.

3.        Scope of Work

GGGI will engage a qualified individual   (hereafter referred to as “the Consultant”) to undertake the social   mapping of legal and customary access to land, water, and other natural   resources in and around the Utar Serapat peatland landscape.   The work will be coordinated with government partners   and supervised by GGGI through the country program office in Jakarta and the   provincial representative in Palangkaraya.


The Consultant will gather, analyze, and interpret information   on the social, cultural, and economic context of resource use and on   institutions governing access to and ownership of resources in the Utar   Serapat peatland landscape. Particular attention will be given to resources   and institutions related to livelihoods, land uses and economic potential, market access and trade   relations, land tenure, fire history, and other issues that may affect peat restoration including the use and ownership of waterways. 

The Consultant will begin the work in Phase 1 with a literature   review and an inception workshop with GGGI and its partners, followed by a   period of intensive field work to conduct interviews and field observation. Sources of information are expected to include district and sub-district government officials,   representatives of private companies, local academics, civil society leaders, and knowledgeable people in selected villages and field locations in and around the Utar Serapat landscape (to be   agreed with GGGI in the Consultant’s work plan). 

In Phase 2, GGGI will also engage a small team of data   collectors (the ‘socio-economic assessment team’) to work alongside the   Consultant, in close collaboration, under the direction of GGGI. The   Consultant will provide guidance and advice to the assessment team, and   members of the team will assist the Consultant to conduct additional village   interviews and field observations. The Consultant will also help to ensure   the quality of the data collected by the assessment team and of their   reporting. He or she is expected to draw upon the data and the findings of   the assessment team in developing an in-depth assessment and analysis and   produce a social and economic portrait of the Utar Serapat landscape and its   communities.

3.1.    Activities

The Consultant shall carry out the   following activities to meet the objectives of the assignment. The numbers of   days allocated to each activity are indicative estimates of the expected   level of effort (see “Time Table,” below). 

Phase 1. Social Mapping

  1. Literature review and compilation of   relevant social, cultural, economic information related to similar landscapes   in Kalimantan and elsewhere (est. 5 days);
  2. Preliminary interviews and   orientation with expert informants in district and sub-district government offices, universities, and NGOs (est. 5 days);
  3. Reconnaissance   visit to gather primary data through   interviews and observation in selected   villages and field locations (est. 15 days);
  4. Preliminary data analysis and reporting to present an overview of access to   land, water, and natural resources as well as fire and water management,   tenure, and livelihoods (est. 5 days)


Phase 2. Social and Economic Assessment

  1.   Guidance of data collection and   analysis to be carried out by a small field team engaged by GGGI together   with an in-depth assessment and analysis of all the data (est. 15 days);
  2.   Additional interviews with villagers   (including both men and women) and knowledgeable experts in government,   academia, civil society, and the private sector with support from the field   team (est. 10 days);
  3.   Stakeholder mapping, in a workshop with BRG, GGGI, and partners, to identify key social and economic   groups, relationships, gender-based and ethnic differences, institutions and   decision-makers regarding access to land, water, and natural resources as   well as fire and water management, tenure, and livelihoods (est. 3 days);
  4.   Review of the specific role,   interests, opportunities and constraints for inclusion and empowerment of   women as well as marginalized and vulnerable groups, including but not   limited to the poor and very poor male and female headed households, disabled,   and indigenous groups,   in the development process and different   development needs and opportunities, and possible (mitigating) mechanisms and   actions that can be undertaken to address these.
  5. Presentation of results and final reporting of the principal findings and   conclusions of the assessment (est. 2 days).

3.2.    Details of Information to be Gathered and   Analyzed

The social mapping shall be aimed at gathering and organizing   information about a range of subjects. The following list is indicative and   may vary depending on data availability, opportunities, and the exigencies of   field work. Any significant deviation from this list should be discussed and   agreed with GGGI.

  •   Principal commodities and products   from agriculture, forestry, agroforestry, and fisheries (including   information on access to credit, prices and value chains); trends or changes   in their production; and receptivity of local farmers to new crops;
  •   Commodities and products of   particular interest for supply-chain-based business models, namely gelam and sengon, including amounts and locations of products harvested,   treated, and sold;
  •   Peatland and other natural resources   of cultural or economic (actual and perceived potential) importance, and   local (adat) laws governing rights   to these resources;
  •   Principal sources of livelihoods   and income for men and women, including seasonal on-farm and off-farm   employment, by village and (if possible) by sub-groups, and trends;
  •   Local development plans and   ambitions, as perceived by women as well as men;
  •   Accessibility to settlements and to forested and non-forested areas of peatlands, including roads and waterways;
  •   Social structure, cooperatives,   women’s groups, and other village-level organizations;
  •   Historical   events with major impacts in the area on peat, forest, and water, such as   transmigration projects, mining, policy changes, and   infrastructure development including (but not limited to) the construction of the Adaro coal road
  •   History of peat fires, knowledge and   beliefs about their causes, and their impacts on natural resources, economic   assets, livelihoods and health, and local organization to address fire risks   and implement fire control;
  •   Status and change in status of land, land rights and access to natural resources, including timber and non-timber   forest products, both from traditional (customary or adat) authorities and state

authorities, from both men and women’s perspectives;

  •   Social conflicts or disputes related to land and natural   resources as well as   dispute-resolution mechanisms and institutions;
  •   Knowledge of and receptivity towards peatland   restoration on the part of men and women.


4.        Reporting Requirements and Deliverables

The Consultant will work on a day-to-day basis with and report to   a member of GGGI’s staff in Indonesia. All work progress will be monitored   through weekly review meetings (or calls) with the GGGI Project Management   Team.

4.1.  Deliverables

The expected outputs of this assignment   are a social mapping report, based on the initial reconnaissance in Phase 1,   and an assessment   report presenting the findings and conclusions   of the work in Phase 2 with supporting data in the forms of maps,   photographs, tables, and figures. The Consultant may also be required to   produce presentations, minutes of meetings, and a summary of data collected, including a list of all people   interviewed and a bibliography of reference documents.

The Consultant will be compensated based on deliverables. The following deliverables shall be submitted to   GGGI for review and approval:

  •   Inception report, including a work plan and schedule for completion of the work and deliverables;
  •   Brief, weekly field reports detailing progress, key findings, and challenges;
  •   Social mapping report;
  •   Presentation of preliminary findings and questions arising from reconnaissance;
  •   Draft assessment report;
  •   Presentation of final results and   recommendations.
  •   Final assessment report, with   annexes;



Tentative     timeline


Weeks     after contract start date






  October 2017


  1 week


Inception report




  November 2017


  5 weeks


Social Mapping Report




  December 2017


  9 weeks


Draft assessment report




 January 2018


15 weeks


Final assessment report, with annexes





The draft and final reports shall be   written in English. The final report shall also contain an extended executive   summary in Indonesian. Presentations shall be in both Indonesian and English. 

The reports should be prepared in accordance with GGGI’s formatting requirements, and submitted to GGGI in hard- and soft- copies along with the stakeholders map, complete sets of raw data, research materials, and interview notes.


4.2.    Time Table

The anticipated level of effort is 60 working days during the period of the assignment. The following time table is indicative only. A detailed time table of activities and results will be agreed and approved by GGGI in the inception meeting.

  •   The assignment is expected to   start, with an inception workshop, around the beginning of October 2017   September 2017 and to conclude by the middle of January 2018.
  •   The initial reconnaissance and social   mapping report shall   be completed around one month of the start of the assignment.
  •   The principal findings and   conclusions of the social mapping and socio-economic assessment shall be presented   to GGGI and the BRG working group around two months after the start of the assignment.
  •   The final report shall be completed around three months of the start   of the assignment.

 The Consultant will be required to attend and participate in meetings in Jakarta at the beginning and end of the assignment as well as in Central and South   Kalimantan during the course of the work. These will be identified and scheduled in the Consultant’s work   plan. For any official meeting or other engagement, the Consultant will be accompanied by GGGI staff. GGGI expects the Consultant to be available as may be required for meetings and  workshops with GGGI and the BRG working group. The Consultant should be prepared to be flexible to respond to the needs  of Indonesian government partners and changing circumstances.


5.        Qualifications

The Consultant must have at least 15 years of professional experience undertaking field research in Indonesia or   similar developing countries in anthropology, rural sociology, human ecology,   or a related field. He or she must have the following qualifications:

  •   Masters degree or higher, in anthropology or another related social science, or equivalent academic   experience;
  •   Familiarity with   tropical peatlands and associated land-use and   livelihoods;
  •   Knowledge of traditional and non-traditional institutions and governance dealing with natural resources in   Indonesia or a similar country;
  •   Proven ability to communicate clearly and effectively in written   reports and other publications;
  •   Experience working in Kalimantan peatlands and ability to speak a local language would be an advantage.

This consultancy is a national position, open to Indonesian nationals as well as expatriates based in the country. No   international travel is anticipated.



Before applying, please make sure that you have read the requirements for the position and that you qualify.
Applications from non-qualifying applicants will most likely be discarded by the recruiting manager.

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  • Organization: Global Green Growth Institute
  • Location: Indonesia
  • Grade: International Consultant - Consultancy
  • Occupational Groups:
    • Social studies
  • Closing Date: 2017-10-10

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