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A Consultant (Analyst of Socio-Economic Costs of Armed Conflict in Yemen) _P4

Provide technical assistance to: (i) Assess economic and social impact of armed conflict on Education Sector in Yemen through quantitative and qualitative data analysis; (ii) Quantify economic loss and opportunity cost to children and their families of early dropout from primary and secondary school due to armed conflict in Yemen; (iii) Build an investment case for greater support of the education sector; and (iv) Provide sectoral and intersectoral recommendations addressing key issues identified in analysis.


Post Title: A Consultant (Analyst of Socio-Economic Costs of Armed Conflict in Yemen) _P4

Location: Home-based with a two-week mission to Yemen (if possible).

Duration of Contract: 3 Months



The purpose of the assessment is to strengthen the evidence base for improved and more equitable education sector programming and financing. As such, the study will focus on internally displaced and out-of-school children in the most-conflict affected and harder to reach areas of Yemen to analyse the socio-economic impact of the conflict cause by a collapse of national educational systems.

Specific objectives are as follows:

  • Use existing education data in four or five southern and northern governorates (number and selection of governorates to be confirmed, to include (non)-heavily conflict affect areas in urban and rural settings) to provide a situation analysis on key indicators, such as enrolment, attendance, and disaggregated by sex, district and socioeconomic characteristics through an armed conflict lens and assess supply- and demand-side effects on access, retention, quality and equity;
  • Undertake a costing analysis to (i) estimate direct and indirect costs of armed conflict on the education system and quantify economic loss and opportunity costs of consequential school dropout; and (ii) assess relationship between educational investment and educational outcome;
  • Present an ‘investment case’ for education even in times of the crisis (scenarios to be suggested), and demonstrate how public and private investment, including donor aid, can bring economic and social dividends in the long-term; 

  • Provide a set of recommendations on a variety of approaches, including on effective and efficient public and private investments (3 scenarios to be suggested), building capacity of MoE and other education stakeholders to rebuild/strengthen education, mobilization of community support for education, joint approaches for security, economic and social ministries to ensure stability of the education system and its relevance for job opportunities, etc.

Specific tasks

Task 1: Assessment (qualitative and quantitative) of socio-economic impact of armed conflict on education sector outcomes - The consultant will be conducting an in-depth analysis of past and existing education documents, including EMIS data, public financing of education and information derived from a qualitative survey to establish possible effect of armed conflict on educational inputs and outcomes. The assessment will therefore include analysis of overall education trends in terms of enrolment, attendance, and dropouts at grades 1-12 between pre-crisis and post-crisis and provide strategic information on key affected populations groups, by sex, geographical and socioeconomic disparities, on the assistance reaching beneficiaries in the country, gaps and needs in the education sector, and bottlenecks related to access, retention, quality and equity.

Task 2: Costing of impact of war on families and economy - The consultant will examine and quantify the opportunity cost for out-of-school children excluded from the education system and labor market due to the ongoing conflict. S/he will also determine the economic loss due to drop-outs occasioned by the conflict to families and the economy whilst assessing education finance and planning with an analysis of how the crisis has impacted the national government education budget over the last years.

Task 3: Investment case towards support for education system funding and sustainability - In light of the above, the consultant will determine how much investment is required to support key strategies identified to prevent collapse of education system and ensure that children are enrolled and retained for a full course of quality education. This part of the study will have the expected impact of building a stronger and valid argument for resource mobilization towards the education sector.

Task 4: Recommendations - The consultant will develop recommendations based on the three parts above of the assessment, both at education sector-level and for inter-sectorial programming, in addition to the evaluation of the efficacy of existing policies. The recommendations should aim at enhancing equal and equitable access to formal education and alternative forms of learning for out-of-school children and vulnerable young people in the context of Yemen, as well as provide key advocacy messages for resource mobilization.

Proposed methodology

The individual contractor will submit an inception report (20 pages maximum) that outlines a detailed methodology (based on qualitative and quantitative assessment methods) and work-plan to address the terms of reference. The methods should reflect the goal to measure the socio-economic impact of the current armed conflict on the education sector, including issues of access, quality and equity; measure costs and returns; and explore related sources of finance. 

The international individual contractor must work with a local contractor to undertake the assessment. The contractor should pay special attention to the records and documentation related to the education sector for the period of 2015-2017. In addition, the contractor is expected to interview a cohort of education, social and finance sector experts, as well as the UN agencies, I/NGOs, communities and other stakeholders to hear their opinions about the current situation in the education sector.

Timeframe and expected deliverables

The consultant will be expected to provide a 2017 Yemen Education Sector Assessment with the above-mentioned four components:


Main tasks

Key deliverables

0.5 month

1.        Proposal on the way the study will be conducted on basis of terms of reference analysis.

Inception report.

1.5 month

1.        Desk review of existing documentation.

2.        Elaboration of questionnaire for collection of qualitative data.

3.        In-depth analysis of school enrolment, attendance, and dropouts, as well as out of-school children;

4.        Costing analysis;

5.        Investment case;

6.        Recommendations.

Draft report on basis primary and secondary data collected through desk review and mission in Yemen (if possible).

0.5 month

1.        Revision of report on basis of comments received.

Second draft report.

0.5 month

1.        Revision of report on basis of comments received.

Final report.

Support provided by UNICEF

  • Education data, information and inputs to be provided by UNICEF Yemen Education section. Coordination support with Ministry of Education and Finance as well as other sector partners is also to be provided where necessary;
  • Technical support from UNICEF Yemen PSE section in information, knowledge management, technical inputs and quality control;
  • UNICEF MENA RO to provide technical inputs and review for quality assurance.

Qualification and competencies

  • Advanced university degree in social sciences (preferable economics of education) and statistical analysis and expertise in working with statistical and data processing and analysis of software.
  • 10 years of experience in research or evaluations in the social sciences with a strong emphasis on experience in assessment methodologies particularly assessments in emergency contexts.
  • Good writing skills in English required. Arabic language skills can be an asset.
  • Prior experience of working with the UN and in the Middle East region is an asset.
Before applying, please make sure that you have read the requirements for the position and that you qualify.
Applications from non-qualifying applicants will most likely be discarded by the recruiting manager.

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  • Organization: UNICEF - United Nations Children’s Fund
  • Location:
  • Grade: P-4, International Professional - Mid level
  • Occupational Groups:
    • Conflict prevention
  • Closing Date: 2017-10-07

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