Technical Advisor for Forest Ecosystem Services
“UNDP partners with people at all levels of society to help build nations that can withstand crisis, and drive and sustain the kind of growth that improves the quality of life for everyone. On the ground in 177 countries and territories, UNDP offers global perspective and local insight to help empower lives and build resilient nations.”
UNDP Indonesia's mission is to be an agent for change in the human and social development of Indonesia. We aim to be a bridge between Indonesia and all donors as well as a trusted partner to all stakeholders. We work in four key areas of development: Governance Reforms, Pro-Poor Policy Reforms, Conflict Prevention and Recovery, and Environment Management, with the overarching aim of reducing poverty in Indonesia. Besides the four priority areas, UNDP Indonesia is also engaged in a variety of crosscutting initiatives focused on HIV/AIDS, gender equality, and information and technology for development.”
The Island of Kalimantan or Borneo, governed by Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei Darussalam, is the 3rd largest non-continental island in the world (74 million hectares). The Indonesian portion of the island, which accounts for 72.9% of Borneo, is divided into 5 (five) provinces with an estimated population of approximately 14.6 million. It has been a serious challenge for Indonesia that roughly 6.61% of the Kalimantan population is still living under absolute poverty line. The 130 million-year-old world’s oldest forest of Borneo harbours amazing biodiversity.
Due to high demand on land or area for agricultural activities, the island has to suffer from habitat loss, habitat degradation, overexploitation of biological resources and pollution. The single largest driver of habitat loss is land conversion for palm oil production, accounting for 26% of deforestation between 2005 and 2010. Presently, the total oil palm planted areas in Indonesia exceeds 9 million hectares – a sharp increase from 3.6 million hectares in 2008. In the last 10 years, the average deforestation rate associated with palm oil production has been 300,000 ha/year. Expansion potential of oil palm plantation is estimated to be 24.5 million hectares of which 10.3 million hectares are to be realized in Kalimantan up from the current planted area of 3.164 million hectares. Palm oil plantations are likely expanding into forested areas, including high conservation value (HCV) / high carbon stock (HCS) forest areas. Significant carbon losses ensue, particularly where expansion takes place on Peat Swamp Forest (PSF) areas. Palm oil plantation in Kalimantan covers 3,164,000 hectares. It has been expanding nearly 300% (percent) since 2000. The forest loss led to the emission of 0.41 gigatons of carbon, more than Indonesia's total industrial emissions produced in a year. Researchers calculated that 47% of oil palm plantation development from 1990 to 2010 in Kalimantan was at the expense of intact forests, 22% at secondary or logged forests, and 21% at agro-forests, a mix of agricultural land and forests. Only 10% of expansion occurred in non-forested areas. It is estimated that by 2020, full lease development of allocated palm oil lease would convert 9,384,400 hectare of which approximately 90% is forested lands with 41% intact forests, leading to massive carbon emissions.
Palm oil land areas have very low biodiversity values and their expansion causes near total loss of habitat value and habitat fragmentation and degradation, heavily impacting on biodiversity and ecosystem services on the island. Furthermore, oil palm monoculture contains lower biodiversity value due to the absence of the major components of forest vegetation, including forest trees, lianas and epiphytic orchids. Palm oil plantations were also reported to have caused water supply problems at downstream as a result of water use and fertilizer and pesticide application. These threats pose not only a negative impact on biodiversity and ecosystem services, but also have a significant economic cost to the provinces and the nation, from loss of natural capital. These are considered underlying causes include population growth, poverty, unclear land titles and tenure rights and weak natural resource governance.
In order to safeguard Kalimantan’s globally significant biodiversity, it is critical for Indonesia to pursue a green economic growth path. This means pursuing low carbon and resilient economic growth for the island in a way that values and invests in natural capital while supporting climate change mitigation and adaptation. Improvement in palm oil siting and forest landscape planning and management in Kalimantan is one of the most important components for achieving the green development vision.
UNDP is working closely with he Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) to implement KalFor Project meant to address the mentioned issues.
Working in close coordination with relevant parties, the Expert (consultant) is required to provide strategic guidance throughout the process of programme/project design, preparation, development and finalization of required documents, including relevant Terms of References (TORs), minutes, reports, etc. to support the achievements of targeted objectives (outputs).
Duties and Responsibilities
Scope of Work
The Expert’s assignment will be under the coordination of Programme Manager (UNDP), the Implementing Partner (Ministry of Environment and Forestry), National Project Manager (NPM) to deliver these following outputs and the results of these corresponding activities:
- Help the project to identify its need:
- Assess and identify the project needs based on the project outputs and outcomes stated in prodoc.
- Recommend strategic activities (options) to assist the project to assure the achievements of outputs stated in annual target 2018.
- Develop Terms of References (TORs) for the project’s engagement with universities, NGOs/ CBOs, etc.
- Assist the project to assist the availability of strategic monitoring and reporting:
- Develop Project Inception Reports and other relevant reports as the results of workshops/ meetings held in designated venues.
- Produce QMRs of Q1 to Q4 2018 and annual report 2018 required for the discussion in Project Board Meeting.
- Identify required TORs to hire personnel assigned to focus on gender equality, and monitoring and reporting.
- Provide recommendations on strategic day-to-day operations:
- Develop Terms of References (TORs) to contain scope of works to hire required consultants.
- Identify potential challenges that may delay and/or hinder the project achievements.
- Provide guidance on the importance of political support the management and other emerging issues related to regulatory framework (policies/regulations).
- Provide technical recommendation/ strategy for an Action Plan and Policy Brief for an Enhanced Law Enforcement Capacity for the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF):
- Propose technical recommendation or strategy for an action plan in order to enhance the law enforcement capacity of Ministry of Environment and Forestry.
- Develop two pages of policy brief able to accurately capture the essence on the aforementioned topic, starting from problem identification up to the recommended measures or action to take, in order to allow a scientific-based and robust decision-making process by the relevant authority on the topic of interest.
Competencies and special skills requirement:
- Have good interpersonal and communications skills; Strong coordinating and relationship management skills;
- Proficient with the usage of Microsoft Office applications, such as MS Words, MS Excel, MS and Power Point;
- Ability to work independently and in a group;
- Proven networking, team-building, organizational and communication skills and ability to build strong relationships with government, private sector, local CSOs, international NGOs, and UNDP staff;
- Excellent public speaking and presentation skills;
- Fluency in English with excellent written communication skills, and strong experience writing reports.
Required Skills and Experience
Master degree in natural sciences, ecology, biological science, forestry, business, management, and/or other environmental/ social-related studies.
Years of experience:
- Minimum 10 years of demonstrable experience in the field of forest management, forestry, biodiversity conservation and/or sustainable development;
- Practical work experience related to forest management, forestry, biodiversity conservation and/or sustainable development in Indonesia;
- Working experience with international organizations on related projects is an advantage;
- Experience in analysing issues and developing reports related to forestry, forest-management and biodiversity.
- Organization: UNDP - United Nations Development Programme
- Location: home-based
- Grade: National Consultant - Locally recruited Contractors Agreement - Consultancy
- Operations and Administrations
- Agriculture and Forestry
- Project and Programme Management
- Closing Date: 2018-08-02