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  • Organization: ILO - International Labour Organization
  • Location: Cairo | Egypt
  • Grade: International Consultant - Internationally recruited Contractors Agreement - Consultancy
  • Occupational Groups:
    • Project and Programme Management
    • Education, Learning and Training
    • Labour Market Policy
    • Disability Rights
  • Closing Date: 2019-03-26

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International Consultancy to Support the Development of the Country Programme for Egypt on Inclusive Jobs and Education

Cairo (Egypt) | Egypt

Terms of Reference

International Consultancy to Support the Development of the Country Programme for Egypt on Inclusive Jobs and Education


Egypt is a lower middle-income country with an estimated population of 96 million in 2018. About a third of Egyptians live on less than the national poverty threshold in 2015, and another third is estimated to be vulnerable. In this context, the government has embarked on an ambitious IMF-supported reform programme and has implemented decisive measures to restore macroeconomic stability through various reforms which are having a positive impact on the economy, as market confidence is growing. Inflation continued to recede in the first half of 2018, however, removal of subsidies on items in the energy sector (petrol, gasoline, diesel and electricity) have contributed significantly to increased costs of living, impacting particularly the lives of the most vulnerable and poor.

The government is also strengthening national social safety nets through expanding the cash transfer schemes and increasing social pensions and food subsidy allocations for its citizens, but these do not extend to refugees or asylum-seekers. Egypt has made significant progress in human development with regard to child mortality, life expectancy, primary and secondary school enrolment and literacy rates. Nevertheless, inequalities in access to and quality of basic social services still persist and are compounded by considerable population growth.

In 2016, to improve the quality of life and welfare for people living in Egypt, the government launched Vision 2030 which follows the sustainable development goals as a general framework and has three main dimensions focusing on economic, social and environmental aspects. The Vision seeks activate social transformation with the aim to achieve greater social cohesion and prosperity.

Within this context, Egypt has a relatively small but extremely vulnerable and diverse refugee and asylum-seeker population. To foster greater inclusiveness, this population requires additional support to benefit from national education and socio-economic opportunities. Egypt, being a signatory of the 1951 Refugee Convention, does not have a national asylum system or refugee legislation. It has therefore mandated UNHCR to conduct registration, documentation, and Refugee Status Determination. Currently, UNHCR has registered about 240,000 refugees and asylum-seekers, among which Syrians are the majority (55 per cent) and asylum-seekers and refugees from sub-Saharan Africa, Iraq, and Yemen account for 45 per cent.

There are no camps or reception centres in Egypt, therefore refugees and asylum-seekers live in urban areas alongside Egyptian communities across the country and are mainly concentrated in Greater Cairo, Alexandria and Damietta. They are granted access to health services at an equal level with Egyptian nationals, and some nationalities also have access to public education. Such sharing of public services with refugees represents an added challenge for the Egyptian economy, which has been facing difficulties over the recent years. While state institutions play a key role in supporting refugees and asylum-seekers’ protection, education, and health needs, they require further support in providing broad and quality services for both the refugee and vulnerable host communities. In this context, it is crucial to support the government’s efforts and further enhance the capacity of national institutions to absorb and respond to the increasing demand on public services.

Out of the 240,008 refugees and asylum-seekers registered with UNHCR by the end of October 2018, 91,776 (39 per cent) are children (0-17 years) and 38,489 (16 per cent) are youth aged 18-24 years. The number of unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) has risen continuously since 2014 and currently 3,929 UASC are registered with the Office. Seventy-three per cent of all UASC are aged 15-17 years. Female-headed households form 36 per cent of all refugee households registered with UNHCR Egypt, 68 per cent of which are from the East and Horn of Africa including Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan and Somalia being caregivers to a large number of young children ranging from early childhood age to school-aged children.

Despite a decreasing number of new registrations/arrivals compared to last year, UNHCR is recording a remarkable increase in continuous registration (over 78,000 between January and October only) as the total number of registered population continue to increase and, consequently, the request for registration-related services (verification, reactivation, closure, family unity). Moreover, 6,700 cases are currently waiting to be newly registered. The government allows refugees and asylum-seekers registered with UNHCR to regularize their residency and grants six-month renewable residence permits. However, a major challenge faced by refugees and asylum-seekers is the lengthy process to obtain and renew residence permits valid only for six months. Delays in receiving residence permits deprive refugees to access services, including education, health, etc.

A valid residence permit stamped on the passport is required to open bank accounts and as a first step to be able to access finance in Egypt. In 2017, the government agreed to a proposal put forward by UNHCR to prolong the duration to one year and to decentralize the process for issuing the permits in Alexandria, but the digitalization of the system is still pending. Recently, the Ministry of Interior introduced new measures to improve granting and renewal of the residence permits. Advocacy continues with the government to enable all refugees to obtain a one-year residence permit on their UNHCR documentation instead of the current six months.

Partnership for Improving Prospects

In response to this context and with the generous support and engagement of the Government of the Netherlands, the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the International Labour Organization (ILO), UNHCR, UNICEF and the World Bank are developing a joint and fully integrated approach to respond to this situation in Egypt under the global title: “Partnership for Improving Prospects”1.

To this end and as a first step in this process, the partners in Egypt have developed a strategic joint Country Vision Note: “Expanding socio-economic and education opportunities for refugees, asylum-seekers and vulnerable host communities”. This will be followed by the development and design of a Joint Country Programme, built on the basis of the Country Vision Note in line with Results-Based Management (RBM) principles. The Joint Country Programme will be developed between April and September 2019 in order to be submitted to the Embassy of the Netherlands in Egypt by 1 October 2019.

Inspired by the Global Vision, the Partnership focuses on supporting initiatives that will have long-term sustainable impacts and that in turn will support the ongoing efforts of the government for building a more inclusive and productive society.

On one hand, the Partnership will support the nationwide system and reforms in the area of socio-economic opportunities and education that benefit all families across Egypt, independently of their country of origin. Here, the Partnership will identify priority areas of advocacy and system strengthening support that, in turn, will promote dialogue and awareness on important issues affecting the most vulnerable families in Egypt.

The direct support under this partnership will work towards maximizing the impact on the ground of national level initiatives implemented by the government and other agencies that aims at strengthening the human capital of families living in Egypt by specifically benefiting refugees, asylum-seekers and vulnerable host communities.

The Partnership will also create a platform for the partner agencies that will promote the implementation and expansion of joint and interlinked initiatives among the agencies that would act as catalyst for change.

The partners have identified children and young people as the main target population for this programme, due to the compound benefits of investing in youth. Activities will be targeted in locations with significant mixed refugee, asylum-seeker and vulnerable host communities. Attention will be given to linking up these target groups to relevant (government-led) national programmes where these exist.

Scope of work

Under the leadership of the Partners, the consultant will facilitate the development of the draft the Joint Country Programme for Egypt, building on relevant partners’ inputs, with specific attention to result-based management (RBM). In addition, s/he will facilitate the development of the Call for Funds for 2020 for the Partnership based on consultations and the outcomes of Year 1 activities (2019). The deliverables to be submitted according to the timeline below:

  1. Joint Country Programme

  2. Situation analysis (6 pages);

  3. Theory of change (3 pages);

  4. Joint results framework and narrative on proposed activities (7-10 pages)

  5. Approximate budget and principal activities for the 4 years of the programme (including the already established 2019 budget to ensure coherence and consistency);

  6. M&E framework;

  7. Governance structure.

  8. Call for funds for 2020, following the appropriate format

    The Joint Country Programme should be in alignment with the United Nations Partnership for Development Framework (UNPDF), national development plan, various sectoral strategies and other key national development strategies. The consultant will coordinate the planning, consultations and drafting of the programme documents and ensure timely and quality inputs on programme design from the involved agencies (UNHCR, UNICEF, IFC, ILO and World Bank) and the donor (Embassy of the Netherlands).

    The programme design should be in line with the Global Vision Strategy on “Inclusive Jobs and Education for Displaced Persons and Host Communities”, the Country Vision Note, the M&E framework developed by the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs (as agreed at 20-22 March M&E workshop) and should be informed through regular consultations and communications with the relevant stakeholders. The same process will apply to the Call for Funds 2020.

Tasks and activities

In terms of the tasks and activities to be carried out by the consultant:

  • The consultant will be located in Cairo for the duration of the contract.

  • A secondary desk review of existing and relevant research and assessment publications and activities will be essential to ensure coherence and integration with other relevant humanitarian and development programmes and activities, including those of national bodies.

  • The consultant will support the programme governance structures, including the Embassy of the Netherlands, UNICEF, UNHCR, ILO, WB and IFC, and ensure close consultation and communications with these stakeholders in particular.

  • The process will be informed by relevant M&E frameworks, experience and expertise developed at the global level and to be adjusted to the context.

Duties and responsibilities

  • Draft the programme documents as stated above under the scope of work.

  • Support the Partnership with updates and respond to feedback from the Government of the Netherlands based on stakeholder consultations, the 5 partner agencies and the initial results of the assessments and diagnostics.

  • Plan, undertake, guide and follow up stakeholder consultations.

  • In consultation with the Partners, develop and review the RBM approach and the M&E framework in light of the outcomes of previous workshops at international and local levels.

  • Based on the draft programme documents, plan and undertake further consultations with Partners to validate the draft programme document and the 2020 Call for Funds.

  • Carry out other relevant tasks that may arise during the contract period.

Expected deliverables and timing

Approximate timeline (dates may be subject to change)

  1. Inception report - incorporating work plan as per consultations with stakeholder groups to identify viable options for effective programme design by April 2019

  2. Situation analysis - Desk review and analytical assessment to inform development and design of the programme, based on Country Vision Note and secondary desk review of existing research and assessment resources, focusing in particular on proposed geographical areas by April-May 2019

  3. Programme of consultations with identified stakeholders at national and local levels and regular meetings of the partnership. This will include timely technical and thematic workshops, including theory of change by April-May 2019

  4. Initial outline programme document developed based on above and initial partner technical inputs by 1 June 2019

  5. Further draft programme documents and 2020 work plan to be developed based on continued technical inputs and modifications by July-August 2019

  6. Reviewed final programme document incorporating inputs from Government of the Netherlands, the 5 partner agencies including initial results of assessment and diagnostics (final version to be submitted to Dutch Embassy 1 October 2019) by mid-September 2019

Desired background qualifications, experience and competences

The consultant will be expected to have the following qualifications and skills:

1. Education (knowledge):

  • Post-graduate qualification in relevant field (social science, social policy, economics, development studies, etc.).

2. Experience:


  • 7-10 years of progressive experience in designing and managing complex multi-stakeholder multi-year programmes. It would be an added advantage if this included in refugee settings.

  • Experience with RBM trainings and application.

  • Proven experience in writing complex proposals, project documents and situation analysis.

  • Experience in coordinating /facilitating development of multiple agency joint programmes.

  • Experience in and ability to coordinate UN agencies and interact at the professional level with donor representatives and other stakeholders, particularly government (national and local).

  • Experience working in Egypt is an asset.


  • Current knowledge and understanding of the latest development and evidence on learning/education, skills, employability, employment creation, and private sector development, with special focus on refugees and host communities.

3. Skills and competences:

  • Demonstrable analytical and research skills, review and synthesis of data and information.

  • High level of competency in working with people, drive for results and communication.

  • Ability to work efficiently and effectively with programme members in various locations and from multiple organizations, including remotely writing and revising proposal documents.

  • Ability to integrate different experiences, methodologies, and approaches from a diverse range of stakeholders, organizations, and technical experts from multiple sectors.

  • Excellent oral and written English skills.

Responsibilities and line of reporting

The consultant will be under the supervision of the Partners. The assignment and all the meetings will take place in Cairo.

Timing and duration of contract

6 months (April-September 2019)

[1] Vision Note for a new Partnership between the Government of the Netherlands, IFC, ILO, UNHCR, UNICEF and the World Bank on “Inclusive Jobs and Education for forcibly displaced persons and host communities”.

Candidates interested in this consultancy are invited to submit their CVs to no later than 26 March 2019.

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