Climate Change Impact on Protection of Displacement-Affected Women and Girls
The IRC responds to the world’s worst humanitarian crises and helps people whose lives and livelihoods are shattered by conflict and disaster – including the climate crisis - to survive, recover, and gain control of their future. The IRC was founded in 1933 to respond to the needs of people vulnerable to conflict around the world. Since then, it has expanded and evolved to become one of the world’s leading humanitarian organizations. In 2016, more than 26 million people benefited from IRC programs and those of its partner organizations. The IRC in South Sudan has been providing humanitarian assistance since 1989.
Since declaring independence on July 9, 2011, South Sudan, the world’s youngest nation has struggled to recover from the devastation of decades of civil war. At the end of 2013, political disagreements amongst the nation’s political and military leaders evolved into a full civil war and subsequent humanitarian crisis, as over 1.8 million South Sudanese were forced to flee from their homes. In February 2017, amidst ongoing conflict, famine was declared in central Unity State- marking the first declaration in six years, globally. Towards the end of 2020 the Protection of Civilian Camps (formerly known as PoCs) were transitioned to Internally Displaced Camps (IDP). The protection situation especially among the women and girls deteriorated as result of the gap created by the withdrawal of the protection forces who were contributing significantly to the maintenance of law and order. In 2021, the South Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) estimated that there were close to 2 million IDPs in the country (55 per cent of whom are women and girls), as compared to 1.7 million in 2020 with an additional 2.3 million South Sudanese seeking refuge in neighbouring countries.
Additionally, the country continues to face multiple crisis with three consecutive years of flooding which has worsened the already dire humanitarian situation with an estimated 835,000 people affected by severe flooding between May and December 2021. Fields are submerged by floodwater and people’s source of livelihood have been severely affected leaving them with no land to cultivate. Communities have been forced to leave their flooded houses to higher grounds and others seeking refuge at the IDP camps resulting to overcrowded in makeshift structures. The flooding and displacement of communities have exacerbated the protection situation of women and girls further exposing them to multiple forms of GBV and exploitation. Access to the critical services remain a major challenge to the community that have been cut-off from the service provision centres hindering them from timely access to the lifesaving services.
This study aims to understand the effects of climate emergencies (flooding) on displacement affected women and girls in Bentiu, focusing on protection and its impact on re-integration. Findings from the study aims at generating knowledge to inform IRC programming in South Sudan especially specific on engagements and interventions tailored to contribute to the safety, health and economic well-being of women, girls, and their communities.
IRC seeks an experienced consultant who can lead a study on climate change and its impact to the communities specifically focusing on the displaced women and girls who have in addition faced the blunt of conflict and displacement for the past decade. The study is expected to provide critical insights on the realities of climate change in the communities, women and girls coping mechanisms and concreate recommendations on how IRC and other stakeholders can support the affected communities to rebuild their resilience.
The study will take a mixed method approach, drawing on both quantitative and qualitative methodologies to inform findings.
1. Identify and establish the extent to which the re-integration of women and girls has been affected by the ongoing flooding /climate change in Bentiu IDP camp and host communities.
2. Explore the ongoing humanitarian climate change/flood response interventions and their relevance to the long-term protection of women and girls.
3. Provide recommendations for respective sectors (Health, Safety, and Economic Recovery and Development) on approaches to enhance resilience through protection of women and girls.
- Inception report outlining the conceptual framework, research tools and methodology, administrative arrangements, and budget.
- Presentation of the inception report to IRC for feedback.
- Electronic folder of all applications, survey modules, interview guides and interview transcripts developed to organize, process, and analyze the data as a final deliverable
- Electronic files of the clean (final) quantitative and qualitative raw data collected and shared as a final deliverable.
- A power point presentation of initial findings and recommendations to be presented at least in a validation workshop.
- 15–25-page detailed report with 2–3-page executive summary.