The ICRC defines Economic Security as the status of an individual, household or community that is able to cover its life and livelihoods obligatory expenditures in a viable manner, consistent with its environment, culture and customs. Within its global Economic Security approach in conflict affected countries, the ICRC implements Relief, Livelihood and Rehabilitation Programs in order to improve, restore or maintain food and economic security at household level. To achieve this objective, the Economic Security unity uses a combination of different interventions and modalities, such as cash and voucher programs, microeconomic initiatives, agricultural and livestock programs, and relief items distributions. However, today, communities affected by conflict are exposed to double vulnerability, at the intersection of climate and conflict risks.
The ICRC supports farming and agro-pastoralist communities around the world by providing material inputs for food production, technical support and coaching, to restore/ maintain their livelihoods. Farmers and pastoralists are disproportionally impacted by climate change as their activities rely on the climate and the natural environment, therefore adapting to the climate change will be crucial for the future viability of the farming system. A key focus in its work lies in the identification of needs faced by rural communities who have become victims of armed conflict, and meanwhile face the effects of climate change, the planning and development of viable responses aiming at strengthening their resilience, monitoring, and evaluating the impact of these programs. This should be done in compliance with ICRC's guidelines and standards.