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  • Organization: UNHCR - United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
  • Location: Home Based - May require travel
  • Grade: Consultant - Contractors Agreement - Consultancy
  • Occupational Groups:
    • Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)
  • Closing Date: 2019-03-17

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Consultant - Analysis of Water, Sanitation and hygiene services (WASH)

Home Based - May require travel (Home Based)

Title: Report on water, sanitation and hygiene services for persons of concern to UNHCR that live outside of camps and settlements
Duty Station: home based with missions
Duration: 9 months
Contract Type: individual consultant
Closing date: 17 March 2019 (midnight CET)
Start date: 1 April 2019

Organisational context

UNHCR is a global organization dedicated to saving lives, protecting rights and building a
better future for refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people. Every year,
millions of men, women and children are forced to flee their homes to escape conflict and
persecution. We are in 138 countries, using our expertise to protect and care for millions.


Each year UNHCR publishes a Global Trends report on forced displacement. This report
details population and demographic details of all persons of concern to UNHCR (PoCs)
worldwide. The data from this report is also available through the online portal:
popstats.unhcr.org. Of the 68.5 million persons of concern approximately three quarters live
outside of camps and settlements. Table 1 below shows a summary of the top ten countries
in terms of refugees in urban areas and overall PoCs in urban areas.

Table 1 Refugees and overall PoCs in urban areas

Country of Asylum

Refugees in Urban Areas

Country of Asylum

Overall PoCs in Urban Areas

Turkey

3,251,780

Colombia

7,747,364

Lebanon

998,890

Syrian Arab Rep.

7,033,119

Iran (Islamic Rep. of)

950,527

Turkey

3,560,635

Pakistan

947,479

Nigeria

2,379,195

Jordan

553,513

Ukraine

1,844,780

France

337,177

Pakistan

1,406,969

Sudan

325,491

Dem. Rep. of the Congo

1,314,006

Iraq

277,672

Afghanistan

1,207,463

Egypt

231,894

Ethiopia

1,100,161

Italy

167,335

Lebanon

1,018,416

Total

8,041,758

Total

28,612,108

 

For those PoCs living outside of the planned and managed camps there is no systematic
monitoring of the water sanitation, and hygiene services that these individuals access. The
risk is that if these PoC do not have access to services OR if barriers to access are
considerable then the coping mechanisms employed could subject these individuals to
considerable protection risks. Coping mechanisms that have been observed include:
survival sex to obtain money to pay for basic needs and essential services, collection of
water from unimproved water sources, resorting to open defecation, and others.

This consultancy is aimed at gaining an understanding of the WASH situation of PoCs living
in out-of-camp settings globally. The consultant will work on the basis of the datasets listed
below (Table 2).

Table 2: Potential Sources of Data:

 

Source

Description

UNHCR Data Platforms

There are various databases that UNHCR manages which contain limited data on out-of-camp refugees, these include:
Integrated Refugee Health Information System (iRHIS)
https://his.unhcr.org/home

Standardized Expanded Nutrition Survey (SENS)

http://popstats.unhcr.org/en/overview
https://data2.unhcr.org/en/situations
Global Focus Insight
https://gfi.unhcr.org/Pages/home.aspx
Integrated Refugee and Forcibly Displaced Livelihoods Information System: https://lis.unhcr.org/home

UNHCR WASH data

UNHCR WASH programmes are requested to conduct Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) Surveys once a year. Most of them are conducted in camp-settings, but occasionally also target refugees living in host villages or urban settings. These data sets are available at field level only, but access can be facilitated through the UNHCR global WASH unit.

Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP)

JMP is the mechanism for collating data for reporting on SDG 6.1 and 6.2. The data sources for the JMP are the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), and national demographic surveys. These surveys often collect data which can be used to as proxies for social economic status or wealth. In addition there are situations where these surveys are designed to be statistically significant to municipal level or where the demographic information includes descriptors on legal status. As such it might be possible, through these surveys, to either directly or indirectly identify the service levels that refugees or other PoCs are receiving. More information on JMP’s methods can be found here: https://washdata.org/sites/default/files/JMP%20methodology-Apr-2018-5.pdf

UN Agencies

In addition to JMP there are many other sources of humanitarian data within the United Nations agencies. Many of these datasets have WASH data, including:

National Sample of Cities: UN-Habitat

https://unhabitat.org/national-sample-of-cities/

Humanitarian Data Exchange

https://data.humdata.org/

Displacement Tracking Matrix- (IOM)

https://www.globaldtm.info/

Global Internal Displacement Database

http://www.internal-displacement.org/database

 

Operating partners

There are a number of humanitarian and development WASH actors that are working exclusively in urban areas. This includes IFRC, Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor, and others. These partners may have WASH data specifically on PoCs but also may have information which may allow us to estimate through correlation, what the WASH services PoCs access.

Implementing Partners

UNHCR partners has over 40 international NGO WASH partners as well as a number of global information management partners. These partners often collect data on out of camp PoCs. For example, through a pilot study on the Area Based Approach, Impact Initiatives has been collecting data on refugees and the host population in a small number of urban areas. This includes data on WASH, shelter, education, healthcare, etc. Some examples found here: Arua, Kampala.

 

The consultant will review the above datasets taking in to consideration the following factors:
sample frame, statistical significance/confidence, links to indicators (SDG and UNHCR core
WASH indicators), level of disaggregation of the data. If necessary, the consultant will liaise
with the right holders of certain datasets and seek to obtain them. The consultant will
produce a two-page summary on different datasets and present findings from his/her review
to UNHCR.

The consultant will also propose a methodology for obtaining a global estimate of the water,
sanitation and hygiene situation of PoCs living in out-of-camp settings based on SDG and
UNHCR WASH indicators, as well as a recommended level of disaggregation of the data for
each suitable dataset. The methodology will also clearly identify all assumptions required to
do the analysis as well as any gaps or weaknesses in the existing datasets. The
methodology(ies) for analysis will be agreed upon between the consultant and UNHCR.

Based on the agreed methodology, the consultant will conduct an analysis of the water,
sanitation and hygiene situation of PoCs living in out-of-camp settings. Based on the
analysis, a final report will be produced. The final report will include a global estimate of the
WASH Service levels enjoyed by PoCs following UNHCR core WASH indicators as well as
SDG 6 categories for water supply (Indicator 6.1.1), sanitation and hygiene (Indicator 6.2.1).

The report will disaggregate data by country, and where appropriate provide comparisons
between PoCs and host population. The report will also include an in-depth description of the
methodology applied as well as recommendations for refining the estimate in future
exercises.

In addition, the consultant will make a contribution to UNHCR’s work on microdata sharing,
by preparing 10 KAP datasets for inclusion in the World Bank’s microdata library according to
existing anonymization protocols developed by UNHCR.

 

Duties and responsibilities


The objectives of this consultancy are:

  1. Contribute to the evidence base on forced displacement regarding from the WASH
    perspective through two concrete activities
  2. Broaden the evidence-base on access to water, sanitation and hygiene services by PoCs
    living outside of camps and settlements.
  3. Increase the availability of UNHCR WASH data in the public domain.

The key deliverables are as follows:

  1. A Desk Review provides a detailed summary of the datasets with the relevant
    information (e.g. WASH access, population, and poverty data) as well as a proposed
    methodology for carrying out the full analysis.
  2. A 2 page summary of the datasets
  3. A Final Report with information on WASH Service levels enjoyed by PoCs following
    UNHCR core indicators as well as SDG 6 categories for water supply (Indicator 6.1.1),
    sanitation and hygiene (Indicator 6.2.1). Report will disaggregate data by country, and where
    appropriate provide comparisons between PoC and host population.
  4. Preparation of 10 WASH KAP data sets for publication in the World Bank’s Microdata
    library

The proposed timeline is as follows (subject to change dependent on the timeline of
collaborating UNHCR partners):

1. Inception Meeting: April 2019
2. Conduct Desk Review: April - May 2019                                                                                                                                                                    3. Present desk review and agree on methodology: June 2019
4. Collate and clean datasets: June-September 2019
5. Analyse Data October 2019
6. Prepare and Present Report: November 2019
7. Submit Final Deliverables: December 2019

 

Essential minimum qualifications and professional experience required

Academic:

  • Essential: Post-Graduate degree in Geography, Engineering, Statistics, Information
    Management, Environmental Health or other relevant degree.
  • Desirable: Completed studies at doctoral level (PhD or equivalent) in Geography,
    Engineering, Statistics, Data Management, Environmental Health or other relevant
    subject.

Experience:

  • At least 6 years of experience on statistical analysis, data analysis and data mining.
  • Demonstrated experience in conducting research projects on WASH related subjects.
  • Familiarity with the UNICEF/WHO Joint Monitoring Programme on Water and Sanitation data and methodology

Skills:

  • Ability towards analytical and creative thinking for rapid solutions.
  • Good communicator with strong interpersonal and negotiations skills to deal with persons of various cultural and educational backgrounds.
  • High ethical and professional standards
  • Team player with service oriented attitudes.
  • Proficiency in computer software such as MS Word and Powerpoint as well as modelling
    and statistical analysis packages including but not limited to: MS Access, Excel, SPSS,
    Stata, or R.
  • The consultant should provide an example of at least two data mining/analysis project in
    which he/she was involved.

Languages:

  • Excellent knowledge of English (written / oral / comprehension) is essential. Working
    knowledge of another UN language (preferably French) is desirable

 

Conditions


This consultancy will involve travelling to Geneva and may involve travelling to Copenhagen,
Nairobi, New York City or Washington D.C..

To apply


Interested consultants should submit an updated CV and PHF Form / Supplementary Sheet
form, including the names and contact details of 3 referees (including for their most recent
engagement), as well as their daily rate (inclusive of all taxes), an estimated total number of
days to complete the assignment, and 2-3 examples of reports on similar assignments for
which the applicant was the principal author, to hqwash@unhcr.org using the subject line
“WASH data consultancy”.

The UNHCR workforce consists of many diverse nationalities, cultures, languages and
opinions. UNHCR seeks to sustain and strengthen this diversity to ensure equal
opportunities as well as an inclusive working environment for its entire workforce.
Applications are encouraged from all qualified candidates without distinction on grounds of
race, colour, sex, national origin, age, religion, disability, sexual orientation and gender
identity.

We do our best to provide you the most accurate info, but closing dates may be wrong on our site. Please check on the recruiting organization's page for the exact info. Candidates are responsible for complying with deadlines and are encouraged to submit applications well ahead.
Before applying, please make sure that you have read the requirements for the position and that you qualify.
Applications from non-qualifying applicants will most likely be discarded by the recruiting manager.
Apply

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