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Expert on Fiscal Mechanisms for Promoting Inter-generational Equity

Home Based - May require travel (Home Based)

  • Organization: UNDP - United Nations Development Programme
  • Location: Home Based - May require travel (Home Based)
  • Grade: International Consultant - Internationally recruited Contractors Agreement - Consultancy
  • Occupational Groups:
    • Banking and Finance
    • Impact investing, Social venture capital
  • Closing Date: 2019-12-06

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Background

Rapid economic dynamism across Asia-Pacific has resulted in widespread growth and significant reductions in poverty. Regional growth averaged 7.5 percent per annum from 1990-2015.  Over a billion people have also been lifted out of poverty since 1990. Based on current projections, the region is expected to account for between 60 and 70 percent of global growth over the next five years. 

This has coincided, however, with increasing income inequality in many countries of the region, including many of the most populated countries. In countries where inequality has reduced, meanwhile, the decline has often been slow and often from a high initial level. Reducing inequality is fundamental to meeting the aspirations of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The unequal distribution of income, opportunities, and resources has wide-ranging impacts on society, the economy, and the environment. Within-country inequality also tends to worsen in the absence of dedicated policies to contain it. UNDP’s global 2018 Human Development Report focuses on inequality and aims to contribute to this discussion.

Climate, demographic, and technological change are also already profoundly affecting societies in Asia-Pacific. The scale of change is likely to increase rapidly in the coming years. This means that future generations are likely to feel the impacts of these changes more significantly than people today. Managing these trends—especially climate change—and their likely consequences for society necessitates a shift in governance and decision-making processes to more explicitly consider inter-temporal impacts. 

In this context, UNDP Asia-Pacific is launching a regional initiative in 2019-20 under the theme of “Ensuring Inter-generational equity in Asia-Pacific”. It will aim to better understand and identify systems that support decision-making processes anchored in promoting equality across generations. It will also analyse how to measure multi-dimensional impacts over time and the challenges related to bringing these approaches into government decision-making processes. The initiative will set out to support the development and introduction of approaches to addressing inequality across its many dimensions—including inter-generational. It will focus primarily on providing policy-relevant analysis in support of practical approaches to reducing inequality now and in the future.

One of the key mechanisms for addressing inter-generational inequity is the tax and benefit system. In many countries taxes are the primary policy tool for direct redistribution of income and wealth, including over time. But achieving inter-generational equity requires adjusting approaches to tax systems. This includes introducing more progressive schemes as a means of redistribution while also identifying measures to expand the tax base and increase overall revenue. Approaches to taxation are country-specific given the diversity of the region and different country strengths and capacities.

 UNDP will hire a consultant to write a 20-page background paper on fiscal mechanisms for promoting inter-generational equity in Asia-Pacific. This research will feed into the broader regional flagship initiative. The overall aim will be to explore different types of tax and benefit systems that can support a country in addressing inequality both today and tomorrow. It will also consider the range of approaches in use now and challenges to their wider adoption.

Duties and Responsibilities

 

 

Objective

The consultant will conduct policy-relevant research and deliver an analytical background paper on fiscal mechanisms for promoting inter-generational equity. The work will outline specific fiscal measures governments/countries can take for addressing inter-generational inequities, drawing on specific country experiences, detailing case studies, and identifying the scope for introducing new approaches. The research will focus on Asia-Pacific, but examples can be drawn from other regions/countries. The work will contribute to a broader research initiative focused on inter-generational equity and the consultant will participate in discussions with colleagues leading other work streams.

Scope of Work

The research aims to add value to existing literature on the topic and, critically, to provide practical support to governments and UNDP Country Offices for promoting inter-general equity through the use of fiscal instruments.

The work plan includes:

  • Write and submit an annotated outline and incorporate relevant feedback as necessary.
  • Conduct a literature review on approaches to promoting inter-generational equity through the tax system.
  • Research and produce short case studies/use cases of fiscal interventions, drawing on examples from within and outside Asia-Pacific.
  • Incorporate relevant feedback from peer review mechanisms, including the UNDP regional economics team.
  • Identify a set of pragmatic and implementable recommendations.
  • Identify potential entry-points and opportunities for UNDP with government, both programmatic and advisory.
  • Ensure integrity of all references cited in footnotes or bibliography.
  • Present results to UNDP and external colleagues (e.g., through regional policy seminar).
  • Contribute to discussions on the overall regional initiative on inter-generational equity, including colleagues leading other work streams.

Expected Outputs and Deliverables

Consultant is expected to deliver the outputs as per the deliverable timeline below:

 

Deliverables

Estimated number of working days

Indicative timelines

1. Annotated Outline

4 days

End of December 2019

2. Literature Review

7 days

Mid-January 2020

3. Case study analyses

7 days

End of January 2020

4. First Draft

10 days

End of February 2020

5. Second Draft

5 days

Mid-March 2020

6. Final draft

5 days

End of March 2020

7. Participation in regional discussion

2 days

By end of April 2020

Institutional Arrangement

The Inclusive Growth Team/Economist Network in UNDP Asia-Pacific is leading the initiative on inter-generational equity. The consultant will work closely with members of the Inclusive Growth Team in all aspects of the activities under the direction and overall supervision of the Regional Economic Advisor.  

The present ToR may be subject to modification, without changing the overall objective and the scope of work, on the basis of mutual consultations. UNDP will hold the copyright of the assignment deliverables.

Duration of the Work

16 December 2019 – 30 April 2020 (up to 40 days)

Duty Station

Home based with one travel to Bangkok for two working days to participate in a regional seminar, present findings and discuss the broader research initiative with relevant colleagues.

Competencies

  • Expertise and knowledge of the Asia-Pacific region.
  • Expertise and experience in fiscal policy/public finance, tax and revenue collection systems.
  • Excellent research, writing, and presentation skills.
  • Effective communication skills and ability to work under time constraints.

Required Skills and Experience

Education Qualification:

  • Advanced degree in economics, public finance, public policy, or closely-related field

Experience

  • Minimum 10 years of relevant professional experience
  • Minimum 7 years of experience in policy analysis and public finance, including track record of policy analysis and analytical researches
  • Direct experience working with government, think tank, and/or international organization will be an asset
  • Relevant experience in Asia-Pacific will be of advantage
  • Excellent English communication skills, both written and oral

 Language requirements

  • Fluency in written and oral English is essential.  Working knowledge of another UN language is also an advantage.

Price Proposal and Schedule of Payments

The contract will be based on Lump sum

Consultant must send a financial proposal based on a Lump Sum Amount. The total amount quoted shall be all-inclusive and include all costs components required to perform the deliverables identified in the TOR, including professional fee, travel costs, living allowance (if any work is to be done outside the IC´s duty station) and any other applicable cost to be incurred by the IC in completing the assignment. The contract price will be fixed output-based price regardless of extension of the herein specified duration. Payments will be done upon completion of the deliverables/outputs and as per below percentages:

Deliverables

Estimated number of working days

Indicative timelines

Percentage for payment

1. Annotated Outline

4 days

End of December 2019

10%

2. Literature Review

7 days

Mid-January 2020

40%

3. Case study analyses

7 days

End of January 2020

4. First Draft

10 days

End of February 2020

5. Second Draft

5 days

Mid-March 2020

40%

6. Final draft

5 days

End of March 2020

7. Participation in regional discussion

2 days

By end of April 2020

10%

Travel costs for one trip to Bangkok for a maximum of two working days, payable when travel dates are agreed between the hiring unit and the Consultant

Between March-April 2020

At the travel amount agreed in the contract

In general, UNDP shall not accept travel costs exceeding those of an economy class ticket. Should the IC wish to travel on a higher class he/she should do so using their own resources

In the event of unforeseeable travel not anticipated in this TOR, payment of travel costs including tickets, lodging and terminal expenses should be agreed upon, between the respective business unit and the Individual Consultant, prior to travel and will be reimbursed.

Travel costs shall be reimbursed at actual but not exceeding the quotation from UNDP approved travel agent. 

Evaluation Method and Criteria

Individual consultants will be evaluated based on the following methodology;

Cumulative analysis

The award of the contract shall be made to the individual consultant whose offer has been evaluated and determined as a) responsive/compliant/acceptable; and b) having received the highest score out of set of weighted technical criteria (70%) and financial criteria (30%). Financial score shall be computed as a ratio of the proposal being evaluated and the lowest priced qualified proposal received by UNDP for the assignment.

·         Only those applications which are responsive and compliant will be evaluated;

Technical Criteria for Evaluation (Maximum 70 points)

Evaluation criteria

Max points

Criteria 1

Relevance of education

10

Criteria 2

Experience in policy analysis and public finance including track record of producing policy analysis and analytical researches

30

Criteria 3

Direct experience working with government, think tank, and/or international organization

5

Criteria 4

Relevant experience in Asia-Pacific

5

Criteria 5

Quality of work sample and its relevance to the assignment

20

 

Total points:

70

Only candidates obtaining a minimum of 49 points (70% of technical evaluation) would be considered for Financial Evaluation.

Documentation required

Interested individual consultants must submit the following documents/information to demonstrate their qualifications. Please group them into one (1) single PDF document as the application only allows to upload maximum one document:

  • Letter of Confirmation of Interest and Availability using the template provided in Annex II.
  • Brief description of the applicant and one writing sample. The applicant is requested to submit a brief description of why the individual considers him/herself as the most suitable for the assignment, including one work sample on a topic relevant to the assignment which the applicant produced in his/her past experience.
  • Personal CV indicating all past experience from similar projects, as well as the contact details (email and telephone number) of the Candidate and at least three (3) professional references.
  • Financial proposal, as per template provided in Annex II. Note: National consultant must quote price in U.S. Dollar that indicates the all-inclusive fixed total contract price, supported by a breakdown of costs, as per template provided. If an Offeror is employed by an organization/company/institution, and he/she expects his/her employer to charge a management fee in the process of releasing him/her to UNDP under Reimbursable Loan Agreement (RLA), the Offeror must indicate at this point, and ensure that all such costs are duly incorporated in the financial proposal submitted to UNDP.

Incomplete proposals may not be considered. The shortlisted candidates may be contacted and the successful candidate will be notified.

 

To download related documents and templates, please click the link below:

http://procurement-notices.undp.org/view_notice.cfm?notice_id=61297

UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence. UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
We do our best to provide you the most accurate info, but closing dates may be wrong on our site. Please check on the recruiting organization's page for the exact info. Candidates are responsible for complying with deadlines and are encouraged to submit applications well ahead.
Before applying, please make sure that you have read the requirements for the position and that you qualify.
Applications from non-qualifying applicants will most likely be discarded by the recruiting manager.
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