Baseline Survey inTurkana West Sub-County
Baseline Survey for the “Harnessing the Power of Sport to Prevent Gender Based Violence (GBV) in the Kakuma Refugee Camp and Kalobeyei Integrated Settlement and Host Community Project” in Turkana West Sub-County
Terms of Reference
The Kakuma Refugee Camp is located in Turkana County, 120 kilometers from the County Headquarters in Lodwar and 95 kilometers from the Lokichoggio Kenya-Sudan border. The camp was established in 1992 to serve Sudanese refugees, and has since expanded to serve refugees from Somalia, Ethiopia, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Uganda, and Rwanda, among other nationalities. According to current UNHCR statistics, the camp population stands at 147,240 (68,306 female and 79,612 male) refugees. The camp falls under the jurisdiction of the Kenyan Government and the Refugee Affairs Secretariat. Since adoption of the Kenya Refugee Act in 2007, a Camp Manager has been appointed to oversee camp affairs and liaison with humanitarian agencies led by UNHCR. Kakuma Camp is divided into four areas namely: Kakuma 1, 2, 3 and 4. Kakuma town in Turkana West Sub County with a population of 48,047 (25,548 male and 22,499 female) is the main urban centre.
The Kalobeyei Integrated Settlement lies approximately 40km northwest of Kakuma and hosts 38,278 (19,210 female and 19068 male) refugees. The settlement came into existence in 2015 as a result of the need to decongest the Kakuma Refugee Camp following an upsurge in the number of new arrivals when conflict exacerbated in South Sudan in 2013. The population of refugees at Kakuma in 2015 was 183,000 individuals compared to the capacity of 70,000 that the camp could accommodate. Within the settlement there is an estimated figure of 355 host community households that are living and interacting with the refugee community. The Kalobeyei Integrated Settlement is designed to facilitate integration of refugees and the host population in line with the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework. Presently, the UNHCR in collaboration with the County Government of Turkana and other partners including the World Bank have drawn up the Kalobeyei Integrated Socio-Economic Development Plan (KISEDP) 2018-2022 to frame and guide developments over the next five years. The national authorities are responsible for the security of the refugee and host community residing in Kalobeyei and its environs.
2.0 Operation Context
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) works closely with the National Government through the Refugee Affairs Secretariat (RAS) to coordinate and manage protection and assistance to refugees in both the Kakuma Camp and the Kalobeyei Integrated Settlement. The operation is currently served by UN agencies; implementing partners and operational partners who have expertise in areas such as WASH, health, nutrition, reproductive health, shelter and infrastructure, GBV, child protection, education, community mobilization, safety and security, self-reliance and livelihoods, energy, services for persons with specific needs, reception conditions, camp management, legal assistance, peaceful coexistence, environment and two-way communication with communities. The UNHCR programmes aim at responding to the needs of refugees and host communities using an area-based development approach that is focused on availing durable solutions to the diverse needs.
3.0 IRC Presence and Programmes
The International Rescue Committee (IRC) is a global humanitarian aid, relief, and development non-governmental organization. Founded in 1933 at the request of Albert Einstein, the IRC offers emergency aid and long-term assistance to refugees and those displaced by war, persecution, or natural disaster. The IRC is currently working in over 40 countries and 27 U.S. cities where it resettles refugees and helps them become self-sufficient. It focuses mainly on health, education, economic wellbeing, power, and safety.
Kenya is among 19 African countries where the IRC works. The main programmes that the organization implements in the country include providing emergency health care and supplies to refugees; supporting community health projects that improve nutrition, sanitation and access to medicine; educating people about HIV/AIDS and other diseases; fostering conflict resolution to make communities safe for women and children; providing primary education for children and specialized classes and job training for youth and adults; and advocating for the rights of refugees in the capital, Nairobi, and other urban areas.
The IRC implements health, GBV and livelihood programmes in Kakuma and Kalobeyei Refugee Camps. SRH services are integrated into the wider health services offered mainly through the Kakuma Hospital that the IRC runs. These services have also been extended to the host community. The organization also has presence in the entire Turkana County where it has supported especially health (including HIV) and GBV programmes. The organization has an established tradition of evidence based programming through robust monitoring and evaluation systems. The IRC receives funding and technical support from UNFPA to implement SRHR and GBV interventions in the Kakuma Refugee Camp.
4.0 Sport for Protection Project
The title of the project is: “Harnessing the Power of Sports to Prevent Gender Based Violence (GBV) in the Kakuma Refugee Camp and Kalobeyei Integrated Settlement and Host Community.”
IRC and other implementing partners including DRC & Kenya Red cross will implement the project from 2020-2022 in collaboration with United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). The overarching goal of the project is to reduce vulnerability to gender-based violence among adolescent girls, young women and boys in the Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kalobeyei Integrated Settlement and Turkana West Sub-County by 2022. The three outcomes of the project focus on strengthening social inclusion, cohesion and psychosocial well-being of young people through sport related platforms. The project will broaden participation of adolescent girls, young women and boys in sports activities through engagement with community leaders and parents, training of coaches and other duty bearers, and psychosocial and life skills support to the youth. Collaborative sports programmes and activities that seek to reduce the vulnerability of adolescent girls and young women and boys to gender-based violence through strengthening of self-agency will be initiated under both sport plus and plus sport approaches. Furthermore, the sport avenues will be used to promote access to GBV services, including psychosocial support.
4.3 Project Objectives
The Sport for Protection Programme aims to realize the following three objectives in the Kakuma Refugee Camp and Kalobeyei Integrated Settlement.
Objective 1: Increase social inclusion of adolescent girls, young women and boys in targeted communities.
Objective 2: Increase knowledge about gender-based violence and its negative effects on adolescent girls and young women and boys in target communities.
Objective 3: Increase self-efficacy to promote psychosocial well-being among adolescent girls, young women and boys in target communities.
4.4 Target Group
This project directly targets 13,000 adolescent girls and young women (15-24 years) in the Kakuma Refugee Camp (5,000) and Kalobeyei Integrated Settlement (3,000) and the host community (5,000). The project will also target 11,000 adolescent boys and male youth in the Kakuma Refugee Camp (3,000) and Kalobeyei Integrated Settlement (3,000) and the host community (5,000). Majority of the refugee beneficiaries are of South Sudanese descent while those in the host community are mostly from the Turkana ethnic community. The project will target both schools going and out of school adolescents and youth.
5.0 Baseline Survey Consultancy
The survey is a formative study that seeks to establish baseline indices for determination of progress across the entire lifespan of the project. The salient aspects of the SURVEY in accordance with baseline studies should therefore be clear articulation of indicators (both qualitative and quantitative) and projection of targets. The analysis should give a picture of the situation before the inception of the project, and use methodologies that generate results which can be compared with a follow-up evaluation towards the end of the project, in order to understand the effects that the project has had on the target population (i.e. assess impact).
The baseline survey will provide in-depth information on the main target groups in the project locations. This information will be used to guide project implementation to ensure the project has maximum impact on the target groups. The survey will similarly provide guidance on project implementation considerations necessary to eliminate potential harm that exacerbates gender inequalities. This survey report will be a vital component of the project monitoring, evaluation, accountability and learning (MEAL) system and will inform the results-based management approach of the project in the context of the Sport for Protection Toolkit.
i.To provide baseline data that will guide project planning, implementation, monitoring and reporting of the Sport for Protection Project in accordance with project outcomes in the document;
ii.Provide baseline data for all project interventions, outputs, outcome and impact indicators to facilitate tracking of project performance; and
iii.Provide comprehensive recommendations on high impact and sustainable design and implementation of the Sport for Protection project.
5.3 Scope of Work
In liaison with the Women Protection and Empowerment (WPE) Programme Team, and guidance from UNFPA, the consultant will be required to:
i) The survey will be conducted in Kakuma refugee camp and Kalobeyei settlement. Participate in briefing and consultation meetings to discuss the assignment aimed at building consensus on the baseline survey design and implementation plan.
ii)Review the project document and other information available which articulates the context in the targeted intervention area, highlighting programming using the sports platform;
iii) Develop data collection tools that will capture sufficient information required to provide baseline data for all the indicators in the project document
iv)Develop, in collaboration with IRC and UNFPA, a detailed research and analysis plan, including plans for: developing /adoption of tools; recruitment and training of research assistants; pre-testing and review of tools; sampling methodology; implementation of data collection in the field; quality assurance; ethical considerations; qualitative and quantitative data analysis, and reporting.
v)Lead data collection in the field including: designing and leading key informant interviews and focus group discussions.
vi) Analyze data in a rigorous, robust manner using appropriate statistical and qualitative analysis techniques.
vii)Draft a high-quality report written in good quality English and include robust and detailed analysis of the data findings including specific interpretation on each target group and location.
viii) Present the draft baseline survey report to IRC and other stakeholder for input and validation.
ix) Develop and submit the final baseline survey report to IRC.
5.4 Deliverables / Outputs
i.Inception report detailing the conceptual framework for undertaking the survey, indicating the methodology, data collection tools, data analysis methods, Evaluation questions, workplan, report outline and a results-based delivery framework.
ii.Presentation of preliminary findings to the key stakeholders. The comments made by key stakeholders should inform the draft report
iii. A comprehensive draft evaluation report.
iv. A final report highlighting existing practices; barriers and constraints faced by different target groups; opportunities for strengthening prevention of GBV using the sport platform; innovations that optimize opportunities for the target group; and strategies for continuation of the project should major disruptions like Covid-19 occur, and recommendations on safety and protection to guide the sport for protection project implementation in Kakuma and Kalobeyei.
v.The Final report should provide baseline data for all indicators to facilitate tracking for all indicators.
vi.Evaluation data sets.
6.0 Date and Duration of ConsultancyThe consultancy will last for not more than 20 days.